An Australian woman who was convicted of killing her four children 18 years ago has petitioned the New South Wales governor for a pardon.
Kathleen Folbigg, 53, was convicted on three charges of murder and one of manslaughter in 2003 and was sentenced to 30 years in prison.
But dozens of scientists have backed her claims that her children died from natural causes and claim she could be the victim of a tragic miscarriage of justice.
Folbigg has petitioned for a pardon “based on significant positive evidence of natural causes of death” for all four of her children.
The petition, lodged in March, has been signed by 90 scientists, medical professionals and two Nobel laureates.
Shortly after the petition, three judges threw out her challenge to a 2019 decision by Justice Reginald Blanch to uphold her convictions.
Her appeal had been based on new scientific evidence including the children’s genome sequencing.
After her latest court defeat, Folbigg said in a statement written from prison through her friend Tracy Chapman that the verdict and the petition raised “valuable questions about how we got here”.
“Many international eyes are now on this case and there’re many more Australians rightly asking why Kath’s still in prison after 18 years when there’s mounting scientific evidence relating to her innocence,” Ms Chapman wrote.
The signatories of the petition disagree with the latest court ruling.
Australian Academy of Science president John Shine accused the three appeals court judges of adopting the same “incorrect conclusions about the genetic evidence” as Mr Blanch.
“It is deeply concerning that there is not a mechanism to appropriately weigh up all medical and scientific evidence in a case of this nature,” Mr Shine said.
“There is now an alternative explanation for the death of the Folbigg children that does not rely on circumstantial evidence.”
Folbigg’s first child Caleb was born in 1989 and died 19 days later in what a court determined to be the lesser crime of manslaughter.
Her second child Patrick was eight months old when he died in 1991.
Two years later, Sarah died aged 10 months.
And in 1999, Folbigg’s fourth child Laura died at 19 months.
Folbigg was the first on the scene of each tragedy and an autopsy found Laura had myocarditis – an inflammation of heart muscle that can be fatal.
Patrick suffered from epilepsy and his death had been attributed to an airway obstruction due to a seizure and an infection.
The other two deaths were recorded as sudden infant death syndrome.
Paediatric geneticist Jozef Gecz, who signed the pardon petition, acknowledged the evidence of natural causes was stronger in the girls’ deaths than the boys.
But he said investigations were continuing into potential leads to genetic causes of the boys’ deaths.
The criminal case against Folbigg relied on interpretations of entries she had made in diaries, one of which her estranged husband Craig Folbigg read and reported to the police.
Folbigg’s case has parallels to Sally Clarke, the solicitor who was wrongly convicted of murdering her two baby sons in 1999.
Mrs Clarke, who served three years of a life sentence, was found guilty of smothering her 11-week-old child to death in 1996 and shaking her eight-week-old son to death in 1998.
The convictions against Mrs Clark were upheld on appeal in October 2000 but overturned in a second appeal in 2003.
It emerged during the second trial that Alan Williams, the prosecution forensic pathologist who examined both babies, had failed to disclose microbiological reports that suggested the second of her sons had died of natural causes.
The outcome led to Lord Goldsmith ordering a review of hundreds of other cases and two other women had their convictions overturned.
Mrs Clarke died in her home in 2007 from alcohol poisoning.
COVID-19: President Jair Bolsonaro in trouble as Brazil’s COVID crisis inquiry becomes box office viewing | World News
Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro loves meeting people; he can’t get enough of it, he travels the country looking to shake hands and kiss babies.
He likes doing interviews, he’ll talk about subjects varied and important to him.
There is just one caveat – he hates independent journalists, isn’t too keen on foreign ones, and won’t talk to anyone who doesn’t love him or agree with him on everything – “Trump of the Tropics” pretty much says it all.
Over the past year, I’ve travelled around Brazil attempting to speak to him and I have singularly failed.
His people are so determined to stop me from asking their boss a simple question – or worse – seeing him explode into a storm of foul-mouthed invective, that my slimmest chance of a breakthrough via a temporary accreditation badge has now been revoked.
We can’t get near him for now.
But in reality, we are not very important, what is important though is a parliamentary inquiry into his handling of the pandemic.
It’s important, and worse for Mr Bolsonaro, he knows he is in trouble.
The parliamentary inquiry has gained even more traction after the country recorded more than 500,000 deaths from COVID-19.
It’s become absolute box office and Senate TV is now required viewing here in Brazil.
It’s streamed all day as witness after witness allege the government failed to buy vaccines, promoted ineffective COVID cures and neglected to source adequate oxygen supplies.
The critics of the government are not just confined to opposition politicians.
Here in the capital Brasilia, I spoke to one federal supreme court judge who met with Mr Bolsonaro in March last year.
Gilmar Mendes told me he warned the president about the impending pandemic and offered his help and support.
He described the president as a man in crisis.
“It seemed to me in that moment this was a man, I even said, a little tortured by the facts. Very emotional, very emotional,” Mr Mendes said.
“He said that the economy was doing well, and that this pandemic was now coming, and that social isolation was a poison.”
Mr Mendes said the president’s main concern was, and still is, the economy, and he prioritised it accordingly.
“So he prioritised his concerns, maybe he generated much more around the economic issue, as [this] was reflected in the organisation of the government.”
President Bolsonaro is a divisive figure in Brazil who plays entirely to his supporter base.
At his last event, in Sao Paulo, he turned up at the front of a motorbike rally.
He resolutely denies the dangers of COVID, fought against lockdowns and masks, and promoted drugs like hydroxychloroquine made famous by Donald Trump.
During a Facebook live last week, he made the argument for herd immunity saying it is “more effective against the disease than the vaccine”.
He openly advocated for exposure to the virus and downplayed the efficacy of the vaccines.
These comments came in the week scientists in Brazil warned the country’s death toll could eclipse the United States – currently the highest in the world with more than 602,000 deaths.
In my quest to speak to the president, I went to visit one of his closest political allies, former soldier now congressman General Elieser Girao Monteiro Filho.
When we arrived he was busily planning the latest presidential visit, this time to the general’s home state, Rio Grande do Norte.
He oozed pride as he pointed out the helicopter route to two events with a laser pen on his map, and then he proudly showed me pictures of him and the president, blown up into posters adorning the walls of his small office.
Like the president, General Girao, as he is known, has had COVID-19.
Unlike the president, he has been vaccinated, wears masks, and sanitises his hands.
Still, he says any inquiry into the government’s handling of the crisis is politically motivated and says one man – Mr Bolsonaro – cannot be blamed for everything.
“Unfortunately COVID in Brazil, specifically in Brazil, was transformed into a political war and this political war, unfortunately, is leading to many people not getting a prescription for the medicine that immediately treats the virus,” he told me.
There is no such medicine. I assume he is referring to the president’s hydroxychloroquine treatment plan, widely debunked around the world.
Some say Brazil is in the midst of its third wave, others argue the first wave just never ended.
But even though Brazil’s infection rates are still high, lockdowns are still not regarded as the solution by this government.
“I believe the president acted correctly when he reacted [in opposition] to the closures. Lockdowns have not been successful anywhere in the world.”
Brasilia is a man-made city with wide boulevards and stylised buildings designed and built in the 1950s by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer.
It’s been described as a city of clean lines, rational planning and space. It feels homogenised and un-Brazilian compared to the throbbing atmospheric cities of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo.
But Brasilia is now home to one of the most important inquiries in Brazil’s recent history, and its conclusions could have consequences that change the direction of this huge country.
Next year there are elections – and the recent street protests across the country, and the latest polls showing Mr Bolsonaro’s popularity plummeting, suggest he’s in trouble.
Saskatchewan: More than 750 unmarked graves found on site of former indigenous school in Canada | World News
Investigators have found more than 750 unmarked graves at the site of a former indigenous school in Canada.
The discovery of the 751 graves follows the news that the remains of 215 children were found at another school nearby.
Bobby Cameron, chief of the Federation of Sovereign Indigenous First Nations, said: “We are treating this as a crime”.
He warned how he expected more graves to be found on residential school grounds in Canada.
And Mr Cameron vowed not to stop “until we find all the bodies”, describing the tragedy as a “crime against humanity, an assault on First Nations.”
The 751 graves were found at the Marieval Indian Residential School, open from 1899 until 1997, where Cowessess is now located.
They were marked in the past – but the markers were removed by people operating the school, said Chief Cadmusn Delmore, of the Cowessess First Nation.
The reserve is about situated about 87 miles east of Regina, the capital of Saskatchewan, in western Canada.
The 215 children’s remains – some as young as three – were found buried on the former site of Canada’s largest indigenous school, near Kamloops, British Colombia, in May.
UEFA abolishes away goals rule after more than half a century | UK News
Europe’s football governing body UEFA has abolished the away goals rule for all of its club competitions from next season.
All ties that are level on aggregate at the end of the second leg will now go to extra time.
Paris Saint-Germain’s victory over Bayern Munich in last season’s Champions League quarter-finals will go down in history as the last away goals result in the tournament before the rule change.
The rule, introduced in 1965, has led to some dramatic moments in recent years, including Tottenham’s stoppage-time success over Ajax in the 2019 Champions League semi-final.
UEFA said away goals would also no longer be a separating criteria when looking at matches between two or more sides level on points in the group stage of a competition.
However, the number of away goals scored in all group matches could be used as an additional separating criteria if required.
UEFA president Aleksander Ceferin said as the end of the rule was announced: “The away goals rule has been an intrinsic part of UEFA competitions since it was introduced in 1965.
“However, the question of its abolition has been debated at various UEFA meetings over the last few years. Although there was no unanimity of views, many coaches, fans and other football stakeholders have questioned its fairness and have expressed a preference for the rule to be abolished.”
Mr Ceferin added that the away goals rule had begun to go against its original purpose and was dissuading home teams from attacking.
⚽ The away goals rule will be removed from all UEFA club competitions from the 2021/22 season.
— UEFA (@UEFA) June 24, 2021
This because the sides would fear conceding a goal at their own stadium would give their opponent a crucial advantage.
He continued: “There is also criticism of the unfairness, especially in extra-time, of obliging the home team to score twice when the away team has scored.
“It is fair to say that home advantage is nowadays no longer as significant as it once was.”
UEFA has cited statistics since the mid-1970s which showed how the gap between home and away wins had reduced.
It talked about better pitch quality, standardised pitch sizes, and even video assistance referees (VAR) as factors in the decline of home advantage.
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