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Apple’s iPhone 12 might be sold without headphones, a charger or a plug adaptor in the box | Science & Tech News

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Apple could sell the iPhone 12, its first device capable of 5G connections, without headphones, a charger or a plug adaptor in the box.

According to respected analyst Ming-Chi Kuo, who spoke to Apple blog 9to5Mac, Apple is dropping these accessories so it can sell its next-generation phone at a similar price to the iPhone 11.

Not including this extras in the box might only save the company a few dollars – Apple’s store offers these accessories for less than £40.

But crucially, they could also reduce the company’s electronics waste footprint, and reduce the amount of packaging around new iPhones expected to be released this September.

Earlier this year, the European Parliament called for all mobile phone makers to introduce a standard charger which would work across all phones and tablets.

According to EU officials, the changes would make customers’ lives easier and help the environment, with estimates suggesting that old chargers generate more than 51,000 tonnes of electronic waste each year.

But the company warned forcing it to adopt a universal charger would actually create “an unprecedented volume of electronic waste” and inconvenience millions of people.

They key difference between iPhones and most other smartphones on the market is Apple’s use of the Lightning port instead of micro-USB or USB-C.

When Apple removed its headphone jack in 2016, users were still able to use the company’s wired EarPods which Apple provided in the box and which connected to the phone through its Lightning port.

By not including an adaptor and charger within its own box, Apple leaves room for consumers to buy their own – as it does with the headphones too.

This could be a win-win for the company and end up being a bit more expensive for consumers if they subsequently choose to go on and purchase Apple’s £160 AirPods, or £250 AirPods Pro.

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Two men die in Spain after tourist falls from hotel balcony on to man below | World News

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Two men have died in Spain after a British tourist fell from a hotel balcony and landed on another man on the ground below.

The first victim, believed to be 50 and staying at the hotel, fell from the seventh floor of the Melia Don Pepe Hotel in Marbella in the early hours of Saturday morning, according to local media reports.

He landed on top of another man, thought to be 43 and a Spanish national, who was sat on a ground floor terrace, according to El Mundo.

Police were called at 1.45am and declared both men dead at the scene.

An investigation has been launched into how the man came to fall.

A Foreign and Commonwealth Office spokeswoman told Sky News it is supporting the family of a British man “following his death in Spain” and is in communication with local police.

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Srebrenica: Bosnians mark 25 year anniversary since massacre when 8,000 men and boys were killed | World News

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Bosnians have been marking the 25th anniversary of the Srebrenica massacre, the only crime in Europe since the Second World War that has been classified a genocide.

More than 8,000 Muslim men and boys in the town in Bosnia and Herzegovina were killed by units from the Bosnian Serb army, despite Srebrenica being declared a “safe area” under United Nations protection.

A ceremony took place as nine newly identified victims were buried at a flower-shaped cemetery near the town.

They were laid to rest among the graves of 6,643 other victims.

Body parts are still being unearthed in mass graves and are being identified through the analysis of DNA.

The remains of around 1,000 victims are still missing.

Dozens of world leaders, including Prime Minister Boris Johnson, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Spain’s PM Pedro Sanchez, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and the Prince of Wales, sent video messages to be played at the ceremony – unable to attend in person because of coronavirus social distancing requirements.

Mr Pompeo said: “We grieve with the families that tirelessly seek justice for the 8,000 innocent lives lost, all these years later.”

One of the few Bosnian officials attending in person, Bosniak Muslim member of the country’s tripartite presidency Sefik Dzaferovic, went further, calling on the world to require Serb leaders to finally accept responsibility for what happened.

He said: “I am calling on our friends from around the world to show not just with words but also with actions that they will not accept the denial of genocide and celebration of its perpetrators.

A Bosnian Muslim man reads a religious book between graves
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A Bosnian Muslim man reads a religious book between graves

“The Srebrenica genocide is being denied (by Serb leaders) just as systematically and meticulously as it was executed in 1995… we owe it not just to Srebrenica, but to humanity, to oppose that.”

During the Bosnian war from 1992 to 1995, Bosnian Serb forces embarked on what was then called ethnic cleansing, pushing non-Serbs out of territories they sought for their Serb state.

Many of those who were forced to flee took shelter in several towns in the east of Bosnia and Herzegovina, including Srebrenica.

The UN said they would be protected and posted peace keeping troops to the “safe” zones.

Bosnian Muslim women wearing face masks mourn in front of the casket of a newly identified victim
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Bosnian Muslim women wearing face masks mourn in front of the casket of a newly identified victim

But on 11 July 1995, Serb forces led by General Ratko Mladic overran Srebrenica, which was protected only by lightly armed Dutch peacekeepers.

The Bosnian Serb forces ordered women and children to leave but rounded up the males and executed all those they found.

Bodies were then dumped into mass graves.

It was only later, after the massacre came to light, that many of the remains were exhumed by UN investigators and used as evidence in war crimes trials against Bosnian Serb leaders.

But it took until 2004, after the formation of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, in The Hague, before the massacre was ruled a genocide, a crime under international law.

Mourners at the memorial look at the list of names of those who were killed
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Mourners at the memorial look at the list of names of those who were killed

The UK says it has spent millions of pounds supporting projects relating to Srebrenica, including for the families of the victims and their fight for justice.

Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab, a former Foreign Office diplomat posted to The Hague, said: “We remember the victims and the anguish of their families.

“During my time in the Hague between 2003 and 2006, pursuing those responsible for this dark chapter in European history, I was reminded daily of the heinous cruelty perpetrated against the innocent.

“The UK is determined to end impunity and help rebuild those countries affected – as our commitment to the ICC, and UK investment and support for Bosnia demonstrates.”

About 100,000 people were killed in the Bosnian war, and reconciliation is far from complete.

Bosnian Muslims pray during the mass funeral at the memorial and cemetery in Potocari near Srebrenica
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Bosnian Muslims pray during the mass funeral at the memorial and cemetery in Potocari near Srebrenica

Mladic and his political chief Radovan Karadzic were convicted by the ICTY but they remain heroes for some Serbs, many of whom deny the genocide happened.

On Saturday, Serbs in the nearby town of Bratunac organised an event marking 11 July as “Srebrenica Liberation Day”.

Sefik Dzaferovic added: “There can be no trust as long as we witness attacks on the truth, denial of genocide and glorification and celebration of executors.”

A memorial also took place at The Hague, in the Netherlands.

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Coronavirus: Zimbabweans particularly vulnerable to COVID-19 in the UK, embassy warns | World News

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The Zimbabwean embassy in London has told Sky News that at least 37 citizens of the southern African country have died in Britain during the coronavirus pandemic.

It is a revelation which underlines the damage COVID-19 has inflicted on immigrant communities in the UK.

Officials said the vast majority of those who died were working in health and social care positions.

Dr Brighton Chireka, a Zimbabwean GP who runs the Manor Clinic in Folkestone
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Dr Brighton Chireka says urgent focus is needed to address the high proportion of Zimbabwean deaths

Qualified nurses and doctors from Zimbabwe have long been recruited to help relieve staff shortages in the UK, but the total number of Zimbabweans working in the health sector is small.

According to a study published by the House of Lords in January, Zimbabweans made up a tiny percentage (0.3%) of the total workforce of NHS England.

However, the number of deaths recorded by consular officials suggests that Zimbabweans may constitute well over 10% of all frontline workers who have died during the coronavirus crisis.

This startling disclosure suggests that Zimbabweans have proven particularly vulnerable in the UK and there is a team of researchers and medical experts now trying to grapple with the reasons why.

“This is something that we all need to focus on and we need to do it urgently,” says Dr Brighton Chireka, a Zimbabwean GP who runs the Manor Clinic in Folkestone, Kent.

Dr Chireka founded the Zimbabwean Diaspora Health Alliance, an organisation that has been collecting evidence and allegations from thousands of Zimbabweans and other ethnic minority health workers during the epidemic.

The 46-year old physician says he has been disturbed by what he has found.

“There is a perception amongst Zimbabweans and other BAME (Black, Asian and minority ethnic) health workers in Britain that they are treated less favourably than white staff members,” he said.

“They frequently tell us that they are being targeted to work in the COVID wards, particularly those working for private agencies. We have been told that whites are more likely than blacks to be assigned ventilators in case of illness.”

Dr Chireka says there is an urgent need to analyse and quantify these claims and points to a survey by the Royal College of Nursing, which found that BAME staff experience greater PPE shortages.

Less than half (43%) of respondents from a BAME background said they had enough eye and face protection, while 66% of white staff said they felt properly equipped.

Social media chat show host Rumbizai Bvunzawabaya
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Rumbizai Bvunzawabaya says Zimbabwean nurses tend to go to work regardless of how they are feeling

There are other UK-based Zimbabweans, such as Rumbizai Bvunzawabaya, who are dealing with this catastrophe in a different way.

Ms Bvunzawabaya hosts a popular chat show on social media and has been exploring the communal trauma from her home studio in Coventry.

“It caused so much anxiety and fear because it seemed like everyone was dying, every single day,” she said. “We are not a big community in the UK, we didn’t really understand what was going on.”

One thing that has struck Ms Bvunzawabaya in her interactions and conversations is the tendency among Zimbabwean nurses to head to work regardless of how they are feeling.

“She said: Some continued working when they weren’t feeling well, because they weren’t sure if they had (the virus) or not – and I think Zimbabweans, we are a nation of very hard workers, it is difficult for us to stop working for fear of what will happen to us.”

Many Zimbabwean health workers are under significant financial pressure, supporting households in the UK and back at home.

Monica Mukotsanjera, the mother of Staffordshire-based NHS employee Rutendo Mukotsanjera, from Zimbabwe, who died with coronavirus
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Monica Mukotsanjera’s daughter Rutendo (an NHS worker, below) died with coronavirus in April
Zimbabwean health worker Rutendo Mukotsanjera, who worked in Staffordshire, died with coronavirus

Rutendo Mukotsanjera was a Staffordshire-based NHS employee who worked extra shifts so she could send money back to her relatives in Harare.

COVID-19 claimed her life in April.

As well as dealing with her grief her mother, Monica Mukotsanjera, says she simply did not know what to do when the money stopped.

“I am just helpless now,” she said. “Rutendo was so good, she was looking after her children, making sure they were getting education, and here and there she would give me money because I am retired.

“Now all that is shattered.”

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