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Coronavirus: British backpackers trapped in Peruvian hostel with infected guests | World News

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Four young British women fear being forced to stay locked down in a hostel in Peru for up to three months after two fellow residents tested positive for the coronavirus.

The group from London and Kent say they are not allowed to leave their dormitory except for meals and to go to the bathroom under strict quarantine rules.

They were imposed by the Peruvian authorities on Wednesday just as the first UK rescue flight was due to travel to Peru to transport some 200 other stranded British travellers home.

The women say they are confined to their dormitories except for mealtimes
Image:
The women say they are confined to their dormitories except for mealtimes

“Pretty much everyone in this hostel will get coronavirus,” Sabina Gordon, 22, told Sky News. “We are just in a COVID-19 petri dish.”

Her friends, Nadeen Griffiths, 22, Hilary-Nye Aremu, 22 and Michaela James, 21, agree.

Sabina Gordon, from London, and two of her friends are staying in one 12-bed room
Image:
Sabina Gordon, from London, and two of her friends are staying in one 12-bed room
Nadeen Griffiths, from London, visiting Machu Picchu
Image:
Nadeen Griffiths, from London, visiting Machu Picchu

“We are speaking out because we feel as though our rights are being infringed,” said Ms Griffiths. “Things are becoming more and more severe.”

The women at the hostel in the southeastern city of Cusco are among hundreds of thousands of British nationals trying to return home from overseas as the coronavirus pandemic triggers an unprecedented closure of borders and a mass cancellation of flights.

Michaela James, from London, in Arequipa, Peru
Image:
Michaela James, from London, in Arequipa, Peru
Hilary-Nye Aremu, from Kent, has been travelling with the group
Image:
Hilary-Nye Aremu, from Kent, has been travelling with the group

MPs have piled pressure on Boris Johnson and Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab to do more to help stranded British nationals return home.

The prime minister said there was a “massive, massive” repatriation effort under way.

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Staff at the Foreign Office and in missions around the world are working “around the clock” trying to offer advice to those in need, according to a diplomatic source.

A second source said that people are working “phenomenal hours”, describing the situation as an “unprecedented challenge”.

The women have not been told when they can leave the hostel
Image:
The women have not been told when they can leave the hostel

The problem is that host governments are shutting exits without notice and airlines are suspending routes, meaning that British diplomats are having to try to negotiate special access for their citizens as well as, in some cases, charter flights to bring them home.

They are also acting as scores of other governments simultaneously scramble to rescue their nationals as well.

Britain is speaking to allies to try to arrange for seats on flights that they might be facilitating.



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Explainer: How to self-isolate

There is also uncertainty about the exact number of Britons in need of help.

The Foreign Office does not keep track of the movements of everyone travelling overseas so officials must rely on broad estimates and the volume of phone calls to their helplines and missions.

In one piece of good news, a charter flight was due to pick up around 200 British travellers from the Peruvian capital of Lima on Wednesday and bring them home. There are thought to be up to another 500 Britons still stranded in the country with other rescue flights pending.



Britons stranded abroad







How family’s dream Thai holiday turned into nightmare

Ms Gordon and her three friends have been stuck in Peru since the government announced it was shutting its borders for 15 days from 16 March in an attempt to stem the spread of COVID-19, the illness caused by coronavirus.

The women said they have tried to contact the Foreign Office, their MPs, the foreign secretary and even the prime minister but have only received automated responses.

At first, the hostel where they are staying allowed them to leave once a day to purchase food and other supplies.

There are tight restrictions at the hostel
Image:
There are tight restrictions at the hostel

But on 22 March, restrictions became tighter after it emerged that someone who had been staying at the residence had tested positive as he tried to return home to Mexico.

Soon after, two other travellers – one from the Netherlands and another from Finland – staying at the hostel started to show symptoms of the disease.

They were put into private rooms and tested for coronavirus. The positive result came back on Wednesday, prompting the even tougher lockdown, with all residents confined to their dormitories except for mealtimes.

More than 140 people, including staff and about nine British nationals, are at the hostel.



Lockdowns have been imposed in a large number of countries in order to slow the rate of infection of the novel coronavirus







Cities and beaches deserted across the world

Ms Gordon and two of her friends are together in one 12-bed room, while Ms James is in a separate dormitory.

The four, who are required to wear face masks, said they did not know how they would pass the time. “There are 12 of us in a bedroom – everyone is going to go crazy,” Ms Gordon said.

The women also do not know how long they may have to stay confined to the hostel, noting that it could be between a month to three months.

“They have not told us when we will find out how long it will be,” Ms Gordon said.

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Coronavirus: Infected woman accused of fleeing lockdown in Italy defends herself after protests | World News

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Protesters have gathered outside the home of a woman accused of fleeing northern Italy’s lockdown and later testing positive for coronavirus.

The claims about the woman’s travel came from Raffaele Lettieri, the mayor of her home town Acerra, near Naples.

In a video posted on social media, he said: “This person came down here from Lombardy on 9 March – today it’s the 29th and only now have we discovered they have tested positive.

Mayor Raffaele Lettieri accused the woman of fleeing lockdown
Image:
Mayor Raffaele Lettieri accused the woman of fleeing Lombardy’s lockdown

“If for 20 days this person hasn’t rigorously respected quarantine, for 20 days they have met people who met other people etc then enough.

“One person who doesn’t respect the quarantine is enough for the virus to spread.”

The young woman hit back at the mayor’s criticism on social media after her home was targeted by protesters.

She said in an emotional video message: “I never let myself leave my room, leave my house, like has been said.

“The mayor will have to give me an explanation because from the beginning I explained what happened.

“I explained immediately. Therefore, to be defamed like this I find truly shameful.”

The woman defended herself in a video posted online
Image:
The woman defended herself in a video posted online

Italy has recorded the most coronavirus deaths in the world, with more than 11,500 people now dead.

The lockdown in the northern region of Lombardy, the worst hit region for COVID-19, came two days before the rest of Italy.

The south has a much higher level of unemployment and deprivation than the north and many travel to Lombardy for work.

The government has been criticised for giving advance warning of the lockdown in Lombardy, allowing the virus to spread as people jumped on trains and fled the region to their homes in the south of the country.

While the growth of the virus is slowing across the country, it is still rising at a faster rate in southern areas. Meanwhile, signs of unrest are growing.

Police are now patrolling supermarkets after the threat of raids and theft.

There have been emotional pleas to authorities from people who are struggling to put food on the table after the economic pain of three weeks in lockdown.

Police are now patrolling supermarkets after the threat of raids and theft
Image:
Police are now patrolling supermarkets after the threat of raids and theft

The government made an urgent €400m (£355m) fund available on Saturday night to help people struggling to buy food. But mayors in the south of Italy say this is not nearly enough.

As social and economic tensions build, scientists and politicians have been holding separate talks in Rome on the next steps in this crisis.

Details of the plans have not yet been released but the head of the emergency response in Italy told Sky News they hope the crisis has peaked there.

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“The lockdown can be opened and probably April will be the month this will happen,” said Luigi d’Angelo from the Italian Civil Protection.

Asked how long it would be before life returned to some semblance of normality, he replied: “Hopefully by May or June.”

He said schools could possibly return during August when it would normally be the holiday period.

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Coronavirus: How lockdowns have caused drop in air pollution across the world | World News

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Air pollution appears to have decreased in urban areas across the world as cities continue to be locked down to prevent the spread of coronavirus.

In Europe, cities including Brussels, Paris, Madrid, Milan and Frankfurt showed a reduction in average levels of noxious nitrogen dioxide from 5 to 25 March, compared with the same period last year, according to new satellite images.

The images, released by the European Space Agency, show the changing density of nitrogen dioxide, a harmful gas emitted when fossil fuels are burnt at high temperatures, most commonly at power plants and in motor vehicles.

Air pollution has decreased in urban areas across Europe during lockdowns to combat the coronavirus, new satellite images show. Spain more polluted before pandemic
Image:
Air pollution data obtained before and after Spain was locked down. Pic: Sentinel-5 satellite images

Air pollution has decreased in urban areas across Europe during lockdowns to combat the coronavirus, new satellite images show. Spain less polluted

Daily weather events can influence atmospheric pollution, so the satellite pictures took a 20-day average and excluded readings where cloud cover reduced the quality of the data.

However, some scientists have urged caution, with specialists from Lombardy’s Regional Environmental Protection Agency (ARPA) saying it is too soon to draw conclusions from air quality data.

In Madrid, average nitrogen dioxide levels decreased by 56% week-on-week after the Spanish government banned non-essential travel on 14 March.

Air pollution has decreased in urban areas across Europe during lockdowns to combat the coronavirus, new satellite images show. France more polluted before pandemic
Image:
Air pollution data obtained before and after France was locked down. Pic: Sentinel-5 satellite images
Air pollution has decreased in urban areas across Europe during lockdowns to combat the coronavirus, new satellite images show. France less polluted

Pollution over parts of Italy also dramatically fell as the entire country was placed in lockdown.

However, in some regions of Poland nitrogen dioxide levels remained relatively high during the period despite its lockdown, perhaps due to the prevalence of coal-based heating.

Experts at Copernicus have warned that until a complete lockdown is imposed, emissions from some sectors may increase.

For example, people might take private cars more often to avoid using public transport.

China – the world’s biggest polluter – recorded a drop in nitrogen dioxide pollution in cities during February, when the government imposed draconian lockdown measures to contain the virus.

The country’s ministry of ecology and environment said the average number of “good quality air days” increased by 21.5% in February when compared to the same period last year.

According to Nasa, nitrogen dioxide levels have dropped by between 10-30% across eastern and central China.

Satellite images show nitrogen dioxide levels have fallen over China. Pic: NASA
Image:
Satellite images show nitrogen dioxide levels have fallen over China. Pic: NASA

Drops in pollution levels were particularly prominent in the city of Wuhan, the original epicentre of the COVID-19 outbreak.

Meanwhile, CO2 emissions in China were down by at least 30% between 3 February and 1 March, according to the Center for Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA).

CREA estimates this is equivalent to 200 million tons of carbon dioxide.

In Hong Kong, key air pollutants dropped by nearly a third from January to February, according to data from Hong Kong University School of Public Health.

South Korea also appears to have seen a drop in nitrogen dioxide levels, despite avoiding putting entire regions under lockdown.

However, it has taken an aggressive approach to tracing and isolating suspected cases.

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Researchers in New York told the BBC that early findings showed carbon monoxide had been reduced by nearly 50% compared with the previous year.

The scientists, from Columbia University, said they estimated traffic levels in the city were down 35%.

Countries that went into lockdown later – such as Britain, which did so on 23 March – look set for a pollution reprieve in coming weeks.

Air pollution can cause or exacerbate lung cancer, pulmonary disease and strokes. It causes around 400,000 premature deaths each year in Europe.

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Coronavirus: Why Boris Johnson and other world leaders have become more popular during outbreak | Politics News

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Boris Johnson’s popularity – like that of the majority of world leaders – has risen significantly during the coronavirus crisis.

As tracked by Ipsos MORI, the prime minister’s satisfaction ratings had improved to 52% by mid-March.

This is an increase of five points from 47% at the start of February, and up 16 points on his ratings back in early December (36%), just before the general election.

World leaders' approval ratings

Polling by Number Cruncher more recently found that Johnson’s satisfaction ratings had risen to 72%.

But Mr Johnson is by no means alone.

At a time of unprecedented global crisis, and with only one or two exceptions, leaders the world over are experiencing rising popularity.









PM’s video message from his virus isolation

Measured by Gallup, US President Donald Trump’s job ratings have soared to their highest ever point, with 49% of adults approving of his performance and 45% disapproving.

French President Emanuel Macron has seen an even larger increase in his satisfaction rating than his counterparts – rising to 51%, some 13 points up since last month, and his highest since January 2018.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel has seen her approval rise to a meteoric 79%, up 11 points since early March – a remarkable figure for a leader who has been in power for well over a decade.

The approval rating of Giuseppe Conte, prime minister of Italy, the country worst-hit so far in terms of deaths, has hit 71% – an incredible 27 points higher than in February.

More broadly, polling firm Morning Consult reports that approval has risen in their daily tracker survey for a number of world leaders since the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared a pandemic.

Indeed, virtually the only leader to have seen their ratings markedly decline is Brazil’s populist far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, with the public seemingly unimpressed by his coronavirus-denialism.

What is interesting, however, is that this widespread rise in popularity appears to have little to do with actual performance in handling the crisis so far – with both the US and UK response having been criticised at times.

So what explains the fact that world leaders’ popularity seems to be rising regardless?

Jair Bolsonaro asked why Thunberg hat got so much attention
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Brazil’s leader Jair Bolsonaro has downplayed coronavirus

Most obviously what we seem to be seeing is the “rally-round-the-flag” effect originally proposed by American political scientist John Mueller.

The characteristics that Mr Mueller linked with these surges of popular support for incumbents were inspired by Cold War events, but have substantial resonance with the COVID-19 outbreak.

For a rally-round-the-flag to occur, the event had to be international, involve the country and its leader directly, and be “specific, dramatic, and sharply focused”.

The global significance of the coronavirus pandemic – and the fact that the fight against it can (and has been) likened to a war – fits perfectly with this definition.

In all countries, leaders have been a central figure in the government response.

As to what drives this rally-round-the-flag at times of national crisis, one of the traditional explanations was that patriotic feelings led the public to view their incumbent leader as the focus of national unity, leading to greater support as citizens set aside their partisan biases.

World leaders' approval ratings

Others have argued that rallies in popularity depend on opposition politicians temporarily laying aside their partisan interests and on increased levels of media coverage, thereby influencing how the public perceive leaders.

Another view is that when feeling vulnerable and under threat, citizens put their trust in political leaders and authorities to protect them.

Whichever explanation works best, however, a big question remains: how long is any rise in popularity for our current crop of leaders likely to last?

To address it we can, perhaps, look to one fairly recent precedent.

U.S. President George W. Bush speaks to Vice President Dick Cheney by
phone aboard Air Force One after departing Offutt Air Force Base in
Nebraska, September 11, 2001, on the day of the terror attacks in New
York and Washington. Bush on September 16, 2001 asked "horrified"
Americans to go back to work this week, cautioning them to be alert for
more attacks and to brace for a long crusade to "rid the world of
evildoers". Picture released by the White House on September 16.
REUTERS/WHITE HOUSE photo by Eric Draper

ME
Image:
George W Bush enjoyed a ratings boost after 9/11 – but it didn’t last

The last rally-round-the-flag with similar global ramifications as COVID-19 was that following the 9/11 attacks on America.

In the aftermath, President George W Bush’s approval rating jumped nearly 40 points to 90%, the highest ever recorded for a US president.

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More than a year later President Bush’s approval rating was 68%, still nearly 20-points higher than his rating at the time of the attacks.

Nothing, however, lasts forever.

President Bush’s popularity declined steadily throughout his first and second terms, and in the end only Harry S Truman and Richard Nixon left the White House with lower ratings.

It is impossible to say, then, precisely when the COVID-19 rally-round-the-flag effect might start to fade and then finally end.

As people are finally able to move beyond the pandemic, political gravity is bound to kick in: what goes up must come down.

Where that leaves individual leaders will depend in large part not just on how they are eventually seen to have handled the current crisis, but also on how they handle other issues whose importance to voters will gradually grow again.

A version of this article was originally published by UK in a Changing Europe

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