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Coronavirus: China reports drop in new cases for third straight day | World News

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China has reported a drop in new coronavirus cases for the third day in a row, as it became clear the country’s leadership was aware of the outbreak’s potential before the dangers were made public.

There were 2,009 new cases in mainland China on Saturday, bringing its total to 68,500, according to the country’s National Health Commission.

The fatality rate remained stable at 142 deaths.

The figures have emerged after a 80-year-old Chinese tourist in Paris became the first person to die from the virus in Europe.

The number of dead in mainland China from COVID-19, the medical name for the acute respiratory disease caused by the virus, stands at 1,665.

Shoopers in protective masks at a supermarket in Wuhan
Image:
Shoppers in protective masks at a supermarket in Wuhan

China’s fall in new cases follows a spike of more than 15,000 on Thursday, when the central province of Hubei adopted a new diagnostic method that includes clinical diagnoses in its official account.

Chinese President Xi Jinping had played a muted role in the early days of the epidemic, which has been one of the biggest political challenges of his tenure.

But state media published a speech on Saturday which Mr Xi delivered on 3 February, during which the Chinese president said he gave instructions on the fighting the virus as early as 7 January.

The disclosure indicates top leaders knew about the outbreak’s potential severity weeks before such dangers were made known to the public.

Tourists at the Eiffel Tower in Paris, as France confirms its first coronavirus death. File picture
Image:
Tourists at the Eiffel Tower in Paris, as France confirms its first coronavirus death. File picture

It was not until late January that officials said the virus can spread between humans and public alarm began to rise.

In his speech, the Chinese president also revealed that he ordered a lockdown of the virus epicentre of Wuhan in the Hubei province: “On January 22, in light of the epidemic’s rapid spread and the challenges of prevention and control, I made a clear request that Hubei province implement comprehensive and stringent controls over the outflow of people.”

French Health Minister Agnes Buzyn confirmed the confirmed the first fatality from the infection in Europe on Saturday.

The 80-year-old died from a lung infection at Bichat-Claude Bernard Hospital in Paris.
Image:
The man died at Bichat-Claude Bernard Hospital in northern Paris

The man, who was from the Chinese province of Hubei, had been receiving treatment in a French hospital since 25 January.

He had been kept in isolation while receiving treatment, but his condition is said to have deteriorated rapidly.

He had arrived in France on 16 January.

His daughter was also treated for coronavirus in the same hospital, but has now recovered according to authorities.

His case is one of 12 French cases of COVID-19.

Six of those cases are British nationals who caught the virus from “superspreader” Steve Walsh after coming into contact with him in the French Alps during a skiing holiday.

Ms Buzyn warned: “Our health system must be prepared to face a possible virus spreading across the country.”

She says she will be meeting with medical authorities on Tuesday to discuss the issue.

The man was the fourth death to be reported outside mainland China. The virus has so far spread to more than two dozen countries.

The World Health Organisation ha sent a team of 24 health experts to China to investigate how the virus is spreading and its severity.

Meanwhile, in Japan, preparations are under way to evacuate American citizens from the Diamond Princess, the cruise ship that has been quarantined off Japan.

Around 400 American passengers have been told to decide by Sunday morning whether they will stay or take chartered aircraft arranged by the US government to fly them home. The flights are expected on Sunday evening local time.

Those taking the chartered planes will be taken to Travis Air Force Base in California, with some continuing to Lackland Air Force Base in Texas, where they will have to undergo another 14-day quarantine.

So far, 285 people from the ship have tested positive for the virus after 67 new cases were found Saturday. Those with symptoms such as fever and cough will not be allowed to board the evacuation flights.

The news comes as:

  • A total of 1,669 people have died from COVID-19, the disease caused by the virus, according to the Johns Hopkins Center for Systems Science and Engineering.
  • Most of the deaths have been in mainland China but there has been one each in Hong Kong, the Philippines, Japan and France
  • 69,186 cases have been confirmed since the virus started in mid-December in Wuhan,
    according to the Johns Hopkins Center for Systems Science and Engineering.

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Temporary hospitals have been set up in gymnasiums and public buildings across the Hubei province of China to facilitate early testing and treatment.

Meanwhile 285 cases of the virus have been confirmed on a quarantined cruise ship in Japan.

The Diamond Princess in Yokohama, near Tokyo, has around 3,700 passengers in total, including tourists from Britain, America and Australia.

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Coronavirus: Infected woman accused of fleeing lockdown in Italy defends herself after protests | World News

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Protesters have gathered outside the home of a woman accused of fleeing northern Italy’s lockdown and later testing positive for coronavirus.

The claims about the woman’s travel came from Raffaele Lettieri, the mayor of her home town Acerra, near Naples.

In a video posted on social media, he said: “This person came down here from Lombardy on 9 March – today it’s the 29th and only now have we discovered they have tested positive.

Mayor Raffaele Lettieri accused the woman of fleeing lockdown
Image:
Mayor Raffaele Lettieri accused the woman of fleeing Lombardy’s lockdown

“If for 20 days this person hasn’t rigorously respected quarantine, for 20 days they have met people who met other people etc then enough.

“One person who doesn’t respect the quarantine is enough for the virus to spread.”

The young woman hit back at the mayor’s criticism on social media after her home was targeted by protesters.

She said in an emotional video message: “I never let myself leave my room, leave my house, like has been said.

“The mayor will have to give me an explanation because from the beginning I explained what happened.

“I explained immediately. Therefore, to be defamed like this I find truly shameful.”

The woman defended herself in a video posted online
Image:
The woman defended herself in a video posted online

Italy has recorded the most coronavirus deaths in the world, with more than 11,500 people now dead.

The lockdown in the northern region of Lombardy, the worst hit region for COVID-19, came two days before the rest of Italy.

The south has a much higher level of unemployment and deprivation than the north and many travel to Lombardy for work.

The government has been criticised for giving advance warning of the lockdown in Lombardy, allowing the virus to spread as people jumped on trains and fled the region to their homes in the south of the country.

While the growth of the virus is slowing across the country, it is still rising at a faster rate in southern areas. Meanwhile, signs of unrest are growing.

Police are now patrolling supermarkets after the threat of raids and theft.

There have been emotional pleas to authorities from people who are struggling to put food on the table after the economic pain of three weeks in lockdown.

Police are now patrolling supermarkets after the threat of raids and theft
Image:
Police are now patrolling supermarkets after the threat of raids and theft

The government made an urgent €400m (£355m) fund available on Saturday night to help people struggling to buy food. But mayors in the south of Italy say this is not nearly enough.

As social and economic tensions build, scientists and politicians have been holding separate talks in Rome on the next steps in this crisis.

Details of the plans have not yet been released but the head of the emergency response in Italy told Sky News they hope the crisis has peaked there.

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“The lockdown can be opened and probably April will be the month this will happen,” said Luigi d’Angelo from the Italian Civil Protection.

Asked how long it would be before life returned to some semblance of normality, he replied: “Hopefully by May or June.”

He said schools could possibly return during August when it would normally be the holiday period.

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Coronavirus: How lockdowns have caused drop in air pollution across the world | World News

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Air pollution appears to have decreased in urban areas across the world as cities continue to be locked down to prevent the spread of coronavirus.

In Europe, cities including Brussels, Paris, Madrid, Milan and Frankfurt showed a reduction in average levels of noxious nitrogen dioxide from 5 to 25 March, compared with the same period last year, according to new satellite images.

The images, released by the European Space Agency, show the changing density of nitrogen dioxide, a harmful gas emitted when fossil fuels are burnt at high temperatures, most commonly at power plants and in motor vehicles.

Air pollution has decreased in urban areas across Europe during lockdowns to combat the coronavirus, new satellite images show. Spain more polluted before pandemic
Image:
Air pollution data obtained before and after Spain was locked down. Pic: Sentinel-5 satellite images

Air pollution has decreased in urban areas across Europe during lockdowns to combat the coronavirus, new satellite images show. Spain less polluted

Daily weather events can influence atmospheric pollution, so the satellite pictures took a 20-day average and excluded readings where cloud cover reduced the quality of the data.

However, some scientists have urged caution, with specialists from Lombardy’s Regional Environmental Protection Agency (ARPA) saying it is too soon to draw conclusions from air quality data.

In Madrid, average nitrogen dioxide levels decreased by 56% week-on-week after the Spanish government banned non-essential travel on 14 March.

Air pollution has decreased in urban areas across Europe during lockdowns to combat the coronavirus, new satellite images show. France more polluted before pandemic
Image:
Air pollution data obtained before and after France was locked down. Pic: Sentinel-5 satellite images
Air pollution has decreased in urban areas across Europe during lockdowns to combat the coronavirus, new satellite images show. France less polluted

Pollution over parts of Italy also dramatically fell as the entire country was placed in lockdown.

However, in some regions of Poland nitrogen dioxide levels remained relatively high during the period despite its lockdown, perhaps due to the prevalence of coal-based heating.

Experts at Copernicus have warned that until a complete lockdown is imposed, emissions from some sectors may increase.

For example, people might take private cars more often to avoid using public transport.

China – the world’s biggest polluter – recorded a drop in nitrogen dioxide pollution in cities during February, when the government imposed draconian lockdown measures to contain the virus.

The country’s ministry of ecology and environment said the average number of “good quality air days” increased by 21.5% in February when compared to the same period last year.

According to Nasa, nitrogen dioxide levels have dropped by between 10-30% across eastern and central China.

Satellite images show nitrogen dioxide levels have fallen over China. Pic: NASA
Image:
Satellite images show nitrogen dioxide levels have fallen over China. Pic: NASA

Drops in pollution levels were particularly prominent in the city of Wuhan, the original epicentre of the COVID-19 outbreak.

Meanwhile, CO2 emissions in China were down by at least 30% between 3 February and 1 March, according to the Center for Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA).

CREA estimates this is equivalent to 200 million tons of carbon dioxide.

In Hong Kong, key air pollutants dropped by nearly a third from January to February, according to data from Hong Kong University School of Public Health.

South Korea also appears to have seen a drop in nitrogen dioxide levels, despite avoiding putting entire regions under lockdown.

However, it has taken an aggressive approach to tracing and isolating suspected cases.

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Researchers in New York told the BBC that early findings showed carbon monoxide had been reduced by nearly 50% compared with the previous year.

The scientists, from Columbia University, said they estimated traffic levels in the city were down 35%.

Countries that went into lockdown later – such as Britain, which did so on 23 March – look set for a pollution reprieve in coming weeks.

Air pollution can cause or exacerbate lung cancer, pulmonary disease and strokes. It causes around 400,000 premature deaths each year in Europe.

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Coronavirus: Why Boris Johnson and other world leaders have become more popular during outbreak | Politics News

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Boris Johnson’s popularity – like that of the majority of world leaders – has risen significantly during the coronavirus crisis.

As tracked by Ipsos MORI, the prime minister’s satisfaction ratings had improved to 52% by mid-March.

This is an increase of five points from 47% at the start of February, and up 16 points on his ratings back in early December (36%), just before the general election.

World leaders' approval ratings

Polling by Number Cruncher more recently found that Johnson’s satisfaction ratings had risen to 72%.

But Mr Johnson is by no means alone.

At a time of unprecedented global crisis, and with only one or two exceptions, leaders the world over are experiencing rising popularity.









PM’s video message from his virus isolation

Measured by Gallup, US President Donald Trump’s job ratings have soared to their highest ever point, with 49% of adults approving of his performance and 45% disapproving.

French President Emanuel Macron has seen an even larger increase in his satisfaction rating than his counterparts – rising to 51%, some 13 points up since last month, and his highest since January 2018.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel has seen her approval rise to a meteoric 79%, up 11 points since early March – a remarkable figure for a leader who has been in power for well over a decade.

The approval rating of Giuseppe Conte, prime minister of Italy, the country worst-hit so far in terms of deaths, has hit 71% – an incredible 27 points higher than in February.

More broadly, polling firm Morning Consult reports that approval has risen in their daily tracker survey for a number of world leaders since the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared a pandemic.

Indeed, virtually the only leader to have seen their ratings markedly decline is Brazil’s populist far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, with the public seemingly unimpressed by his coronavirus-denialism.

What is interesting, however, is that this widespread rise in popularity appears to have little to do with actual performance in handling the crisis so far – with both the US and UK response having been criticised at times.

So what explains the fact that world leaders’ popularity seems to be rising regardless?

Jair Bolsonaro asked why Thunberg hat got so much attention
Image:
Brazil’s leader Jair Bolsonaro has downplayed coronavirus

Most obviously what we seem to be seeing is the “rally-round-the-flag” effect originally proposed by American political scientist John Mueller.

The characteristics that Mr Mueller linked with these surges of popular support for incumbents were inspired by Cold War events, but have substantial resonance with the COVID-19 outbreak.

For a rally-round-the-flag to occur, the event had to be international, involve the country and its leader directly, and be “specific, dramatic, and sharply focused”.

The global significance of the coronavirus pandemic – and the fact that the fight against it can (and has been) likened to a war – fits perfectly with this definition.

In all countries, leaders have been a central figure in the government response.

As to what drives this rally-round-the-flag at times of national crisis, one of the traditional explanations was that patriotic feelings led the public to view their incumbent leader as the focus of national unity, leading to greater support as citizens set aside their partisan biases.

World leaders' approval ratings

Others have argued that rallies in popularity depend on opposition politicians temporarily laying aside their partisan interests and on increased levels of media coverage, thereby influencing how the public perceive leaders.

Another view is that when feeling vulnerable and under threat, citizens put their trust in political leaders and authorities to protect them.

Whichever explanation works best, however, a big question remains: how long is any rise in popularity for our current crop of leaders likely to last?

To address it we can, perhaps, look to one fairly recent precedent.

U.S. President George W. Bush speaks to Vice President Dick Cheney by
phone aboard Air Force One after departing Offutt Air Force Base in
Nebraska, September 11, 2001, on the day of the terror attacks in New
York and Washington. Bush on September 16, 2001 asked "horrified"
Americans to go back to work this week, cautioning them to be alert for
more attacks and to brace for a long crusade to "rid the world of
evildoers". Picture released by the White House on September 16.
REUTERS/WHITE HOUSE photo by Eric Draper

ME
Image:
George W Bush enjoyed a ratings boost after 9/11 – but it didn’t last

The last rally-round-the-flag with similar global ramifications as COVID-19 was that following the 9/11 attacks on America.

In the aftermath, President George W Bush’s approval rating jumped nearly 40 points to 90%, the highest ever recorded for a US president.

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More than a year later President Bush’s approval rating was 68%, still nearly 20-points higher than his rating at the time of the attacks.

Nothing, however, lasts forever.

President Bush’s popularity declined steadily throughout his first and second terms, and in the end only Harry S Truman and Richard Nixon left the White House with lower ratings.

It is impossible to say, then, precisely when the COVID-19 rally-round-the-flag effect might start to fade and then finally end.

As people are finally able to move beyond the pandemic, political gravity is bound to kick in: what goes up must come down.

Where that leaves individual leaders will depend in large part not just on how they are eventually seen to have handled the current crisis, but also on how they handle other issues whose importance to voters will gradually grow again.

A version of this article was originally published by UK in a Changing Europe

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