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Traditional soups and broths could stop malarial infection | Science & Tech News

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Some traditional soups may be as effective as the leading antimalarial drugs in combating the disease.

Around 500,000 people die every year from malaria worldwide, many of them children, with hundreds of thousands more made seriously ill by the parasite, which is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes.

Half the world’s population is vulnerable to infection and resistance to conventional drugs appears to be increasing.

Researchers from Imperial College London and Great Ormond Street Hospital began investigating the possible impact of traditional cures after the discovery of the antimalarial artemesin in qinghao, a herb used in ancient Chinese medicine to combat fever.

The scientists found that some traditional vegetable and meat broths interrupted the life cycle of Plasmodium falciparum, the unicellular protozoan which causes 99% of deaths from malaria.

The malaria parasite is spread trough the bite of infected mosquitoes
Image:
The malaria parasite is spread through the bite of infected mosquitoes

The study involved pupils from Eden Primary school in London being asked to bring in samples of homemade soup and broths made using family recipes passed down through generations.

The children’s ethnic backgrounds ranged from across Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East.

The researchers incubated extracts from 56 broths for three days with different cultures of Plasmodium falciparum to see if any could stop the growth of the sexually immature parasites.

They also assessed whether the samples could block sexual maturation – the stage at which the parasite can infect the mosquito.

Many samples were found to increase the rate of parasite growth. But five of the broths curbed growth by more than 50%, with two of them as effective as a leading antimalarial drug, dihydroartemisinin.

Four others were more than 50% effective at blocking sexual maturation, so potentially stopping malarial transmission.

Publishing the results in Archives of Disease in Childhood the authors said: “This journey, mirroring that of artemisinin from the qinghao herb, may as yet reveal another source of potent anti-infective treatment.”

The recipes of the vegetarian, chicken and beef-based broths varied, and no particular ingredient was common to those who demonstrated the strongest antimalarial activity.

They warned that the active ingredients in the broths studied are yet to be identified and tested in clinical trials.

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Hertha Berlin U16 team walks off pitch after players ‘racially abused’ by opponents | World News

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Hertha Berlin’s under-16 team has walked off the pitch during a game after its players were allegedly racially abused by opposition players.

The German club’s officials informed the referee of the alleged abuse and decided to stop playing in the 68th minute while leading 2-0 against regional rivals Auerbach.

The Bundesliga club says in a statement on its website that it took the decision “because we as Hertha BSC condemn racism and discrimination in every form”.

On Twitter, the club said: “There are times when football doesn’t come first. Racism has no place in our society.”

Executive board member Paul Keuter called it “the only correct decision, not to continue with the game”.

Jessic Ngankam (L) of Hertha BSC and Tim Sechelmann (R) of Borussia Dortmund
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Jessic Ngankam (L) in action for Hertha BSC

Hertha under-23 player Jessic Ngankam said he was targeted with monkey chants and called an “ape” by an opposing player during his side’s fourth division game against Lokomotive Leipzig on 6 December.

“Insults are unfortunately an everyday occurrence in football, and I can put up with them. But racist abuse is a no-go,” the 19-year-old said.

Both Hertha and Lokomotive condemned the alleged abuse.

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Grease stars Olivia Newton-John and John Travolta don costumes for first time in four decades | Ents & Arts News

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Fans hopelessly devoted to Grease got the chance to re-live the classic musical when stars of the box office hit donned their costumes for the first time in 41 years.

John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John rolled back the years, dressing as their characters Danny Zuko and Sandy Olsson for a singalong event in Florida.

Sharing a snap on Instagram, Newton-John said: “First time in costume since we made the movie! So excited!!”

The iconic movie was released in 1978. Pic: Paramount/Rso/Kobal/Shutterstock
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The smash hit movie was released in 1978. Pic: Paramount/Rso/Kobal/Shutterstock

Newton-John, 71, and Travolta, 65, took part in a ‘Meet N Grease’ singalong at the Coral Sky Amphitheater in West Palm Beach.

The jacket that Newton-John wore in the film recently fetched £185,000 at a charity auction but, in a kind gesture, the buyer sent it back to her.

The pair have collaborated several times since the film’s release in 1978.

They starred together in the 1983 rom-com Two Of A Kind and made an appearance in Michael Jackson’s music video Liberian Girl in 1987.

The duo recorded a joint Christmas album for charity in 2012, This Christmas, as well as a music video for one of the album’s tracks, I Think You Might Like It.

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Patrick Reed’s caddie Kessler Karain banned from rest of Presidents Cup after ‘shoving’ spectator | World News

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A caddie for one of the world’s top golfers has been banned for the rest of the Presidents Cup after pushing a spectator in Melbourne.

Kessler Karain admitted shoving a man, accusing him of “taking it too far” with “banter” for three days in the tournament between the US and an international team in Australia.

Mr Karain, who is the bag man for the 2018 Masters champion Patrick Reed and is also his brother-in-law, claimed the member of the public had shouted “you f****** suck”.

He said he got out of his golf cart, pushed the man and said a few “expletives” before security arrived and he got back into the vehicle and left.

Patrick Reed and Kessler Karain
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Karain is also Reed’s brother-in-law

The caddie claimed the most harm done was a “little spilled beer”, which he was happy to pay for after the incident during Saturday’s fourballs at the Royal Melbourne Golf Club.

Reed has accepted the decision from the PGA Tour to effectively ban his caddie from being involved in the final day of action.

A PGA Tour statement read: “Following an incident that took place on Saturday at the Presidents Cup involving Kessler Karain and a spectator, Karain will not return to caddie for Sunday’s final-round singles matches.

“We will have no further comment at this time.”

Reed said: “I respect the tour’s decision. We are all focused on winning the Presidents Cup tomorrow.”

The American, who has not won any of his three matches in the Presidents Cup, had been taunted by fans after he was penalised for improving his lie in a bunker during a tournament last week.

Patrick Reed
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Reed won the Masters at Augusta in 2018

Karain described the latest incident in a statement issued on US-based golf podcast Fore Play.

He said: “We have been known for having fun with some good banter, but after hearing several fans in Australia for three days some had taken it too far. I had had enough. And this gentlemen was one of them.

“Riding on the cart, guy was about three feet from Patrick and said ‘you f****** suck’. I got off the cart and shoved him, said a couple of things, probably a few expletives. Security came and I got back in the cart and left.

“I don’t think there’s one caddie I know that could blame me. Unless his bones break like Mr Glass, the most harm done was a little spilled beer, which I’m more than happy to reimburse him for.”

The international team lead the event 10-8 after the third day’s action.

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