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Iran’s foreign minister says the nation has “a range of options,” if the United States scuttles the landmark 2015 nuclear agreement, including resuming its nuclear program.
But Mohammad Javad Zarif said that if that happens “we don’t intend to get a bomb,” and said that “Iran never raced towards a bomb, nor will it race towards a bomb. End of story.”
Zarif, speaking to reporters at the residence of Iran’s ambassador to the United Nations in New York on Saturday, accused the U.S. of not being in compliance with the terms of the nuclear agreement, which was reached with other world powers including France and Germany and involves limiting Iran’s nuclear production in exchange for easing of economic sanctions.
Zarif made similar comments in an interview that was broadcast on CBS’ “Face the Nation” on Sunday.
“We have put a number of options for ourselves, and those options are ready” if the Trump administration resumes sanctions, he said on the CBS program.
“America never should have feared Iran producing nuclear bomb, but we will pursue, vigorously, our nuclear enrichment,” if the deal is scuttled, Zarif said Saturday.
Zarif said that two possible options are starting a 45-day process under the agreement, called the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, to resolve issues of alleged noncompliance or resuming its nuclear program, but he said those were not the only options.
Trump campaigned partially on opposition to the nuclear deal, which was reached under the administration of President Barack Obama. Negotiations involved the U.S., China, Russia, France, Germany and the United Kingdom.
Trump most recently has vowed to withdraw from the agreement by May 12 unless U.S., British, French and German negotiators can agree to fix what he sees as its serious flaws.
When asked on Saturday if Iran could stay in the agreement and work with the Europeans and other nations, Zarif said, “I believe that’s highly unlikely.”
“It is important for Iran to receive the benefits of the agreement, and there is no way that Iran would do a one-sided implementation of the agreement,” he said. “And it would require a major effort because right now, with the United States ostensibly in the agreement, a lot has been lacking in terms of Iran benefitting from the deal.”
Zarif on the CBS program also discussed possible negotiations with the United States about possible release of some Americans being detained there. Zarif said U.S. “demands” are hampering dialogue.
At least five Iranians, all dual-American citizens or green-card holders, have been sentenced to prison in Iran on espionage-related charges, as has Chinese-American Princeton graduate student Xiyue Wang, The Associated Press reported.
“You do not engage in negotiations by exercising disrespect for a country, for its people, for its government, by openly making claims including this illusion about regime change. Then you do not leave much room for a genuine dialogue,” Zarif said on CBS.
The Trump administration has been critical of Iran for its support of the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, whose forces have been accused of using chemical weapons in that country’s seven-year civil war.
Zarif did not say whether Iran believed Assad’s regime used chemical weapons, but he said “we rely on an onsite impartial investigation.”
A fact-finding mission team of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons were able to visit a site in the Syrian city of Douma on Saturday, and took samples and will send them for analysis, the organization said. Dozens were reported killed in the April 7 attack on Douma.
Zarif on Saturday said that independent tests are necessary to determine if chemical weapons were used in Syria, and if so who was responsible. He noted that Iran had chemical weapons used against it during a war with Iraq under Saddam Hussein in the 1980s.
“I want to be very clear: If anybody has a red line on chemical weapons, it’s us,” Zarif said.
Zarif, asked about Iran’s ballistic missile program and whether it would seek weapons capable of traveling farther than 2,000 kilometers (around 1,240 miles), accused the West — and particularly the United States — of “pouring billions upon billions of dollars” in military equipment to the region, and said more sophisticated weapons have been brought in by other countries “who have stated clearly that they want to bring chaos to Iranian territory.”
“We need measures to deter them,” Zarif said. He added “neither the range nor the performance of our missiles are longer or more extensive than those that our neighbors have.”
France’s ministry said in March that Iran’s ballistic missile program was a major concern. In January that country’s foreign minister accused Iran of not respecting part of a United Nations resolution that calls on Iran to refrain from work on ballistic missiles designed to carry nuclear warheads, Reuters reported.
Zarif said Saturday that “we will not make concessions, and I do not think people can put pressure on Iran.”
COVID-19: President Jair Bolsonaro in trouble as Brazil’s COVID crisis inquiry becomes box office viewing | World News
Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro loves meeting people; he can’t get enough of it, he travels the country looking to shake hands and kiss babies.
He likes doing interviews, he’ll talk about subjects varied and important to him.
There is just one caveat – he hates independent journalists, isn’t too keen on foreign ones, and won’t talk to anyone who doesn’t love him or agree with him on everything – “Trump of the Tropics” pretty much says it all.
Over the past year, I’ve travelled around Brazil attempting to speak to him and I have singularly failed.
His people are so determined to stop me from asking their boss a simple question – or worse – seeing him explode into a storm of foul-mouthed invective, that my slimmest chance of a breakthrough via a temporary accreditation badge has now been revoked.
We can’t get near him for now.
But in reality, we are not very important, what is important though is a parliamentary inquiry into his handling of the pandemic.
It’s important, and worse for Mr Bolsonaro, he knows he is in trouble.
The parliamentary inquiry has gained even more traction after the country recorded more than 500,000 deaths from COVID-19.
It’s become absolute box office and Senate TV is now required viewing here in Brazil.
It’s streamed all day as witness after witness allege the government failed to buy vaccines, promoted ineffective COVID cures and neglected to source adequate oxygen supplies.
The critics of the government are not just confined to opposition politicians.
Here in the capital Brasilia, I spoke to one federal supreme court judge who met with Mr Bolsonaro in March last year.
Gilmar Mendes told me he warned the president about the impending pandemic and offered his help and support.
He described the president as a man in crisis.
“It seemed to me in that moment this was a man, I even said, a little tortured by the facts. Very emotional, very emotional,” Mr Mendes said.
“He said that the economy was doing well, and that this pandemic was now coming, and that social isolation was a poison.”
Mr Mendes said the president’s main concern was, and still is, the economy, and he prioritised it accordingly.
“So he prioritised his concerns, maybe he generated much more around the economic issue, as [this] was reflected in the organisation of the government.”
President Bolsonaro is a divisive figure in Brazil who plays entirely to his supporter base.
At his last event, in Sao Paulo, he turned up at the front of a motorbike rally.
He resolutely denies the dangers of COVID, fought against lockdowns and masks, and promoted drugs like hydroxychloroquine made famous by Donald Trump.
During a Facebook live last week, he made the argument for herd immunity saying it is “more effective against the disease than the vaccine”.
He openly advocated for exposure to the virus and downplayed the efficacy of the vaccines.
These comments came in the week scientists in Brazil warned the country’s death toll could eclipse the United States – currently the highest in the world with more than 602,000 deaths.
In my quest to speak to the president, I went to visit one of his closest political allies, former soldier now congressman General Elieser Girao Monteiro Filho.
When we arrived he was busily planning the latest presidential visit, this time to the general’s home state, Rio Grande do Norte.
He oozed pride as he pointed out the helicopter route to two events with a laser pen on his map, and then he proudly showed me pictures of him and the president, blown up into posters adorning the walls of his small office.
Like the president, General Girao, as he is known, has had COVID-19.
Unlike the president, he has been vaccinated, wears masks, and sanitises his hands.
Still, he says any inquiry into the government’s handling of the crisis is politically motivated and says one man – Mr Bolsonaro – cannot be blamed for everything.
“Unfortunately COVID in Brazil, specifically in Brazil, was transformed into a political war and this political war, unfortunately, is leading to many people not getting a prescription for the medicine that immediately treats the virus,” he told me.
There is no such medicine. I assume he is referring to the president’s hydroxychloroquine treatment plan, widely debunked around the world.
Some say Brazil is in the midst of its third wave, others argue the first wave just never ended.
But even though Brazil’s infection rates are still high, lockdowns are still not regarded as the solution by this government.
“I believe the president acted correctly when he reacted [in opposition] to the closures. Lockdowns have not been successful anywhere in the world.”
Brasilia is a man-made city with wide boulevards and stylised buildings designed and built in the 1950s by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer.
It’s been described as a city of clean lines, rational planning and space. It feels homogenised and un-Brazilian compared to the throbbing atmospheric cities of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo.
But Brasilia is now home to one of the most important inquiries in Brazil’s recent history, and its conclusions could have consequences that change the direction of this huge country.
Next year there are elections – and the recent street protests across the country, and the latest polls showing Mr Bolsonaro’s popularity plummeting, suggest he’s in trouble.
Saskatchewan: More than 750 unmarked graves found on site of former indigenous school in Canada | World News
Investigators have found more than 750 unmarked graves at the site of a former indigenous school in Canada.
The discovery of the 751 graves follows the news that the remains of 215 children were found at another school nearby.
Bobby Cameron, chief of the Federation of Sovereign Indigenous First Nations, said: “We are treating this as a crime”.
He warned how he expected more graves to be found on residential school grounds in Canada.
And Mr Cameron vowed not to stop “until we find all the bodies”, describing the tragedy as a “crime against humanity, an assault on First Nations.”
The 751 graves were found at the Marieval Indian Residential School, open from 1899 until 1997, where Cowessess is now located.
They were marked in the past – but the markers were removed by people operating the school, said Chief Cadmusn Delmore, of the Cowessess First Nation.
The reserve is about situated about 87 miles east of Regina, the capital of Saskatchewan, in western Canada.
The 215 children’s remains – some as young as three – were found buried on the former site of Canada’s largest indigenous school, near Kamloops, British Colombia, in May.
UEFA abolishes away goals rule after more than half a century | UK News
Europe’s football governing body UEFA has abolished the away goals rule for all of its club competitions from next season.
All ties that are level on aggregate at the end of the second leg will now go to extra time.
Paris Saint-Germain’s victory over Bayern Munich in last season’s Champions League quarter-finals will go down in history as the last away goals result in the tournament before the rule change.
The rule, introduced in 1965, has led to some dramatic moments in recent years, including Tottenham’s stoppage-time success over Ajax in the 2019 Champions League semi-final.
UEFA said away goals would also no longer be a separating criteria when looking at matches between two or more sides level on points in the group stage of a competition.
However, the number of away goals scored in all group matches could be used as an additional separating criteria if required.
UEFA president Aleksander Ceferin said as the end of the rule was announced: “The away goals rule has been an intrinsic part of UEFA competitions since it was introduced in 1965.
“However, the question of its abolition has been debated at various UEFA meetings over the last few years. Although there was no unanimity of views, many coaches, fans and other football stakeholders have questioned its fairness and have expressed a preference for the rule to be abolished.”
Mr Ceferin added that the away goals rule had begun to go against its original purpose and was dissuading home teams from attacking.
⚽ The away goals rule will be removed from all UEFA club competitions from the 2021/22 season.
— UEFA (@UEFA) June 24, 2021
This because the sides would fear conceding a goal at their own stadium would give their opponent a crucial advantage.
He continued: “There is also criticism of the unfairness, especially in extra-time, of obliging the home team to score twice when the away team has scored.
“It is fair to say that home advantage is nowadays no longer as significant as it once was.”
UEFA has cited statistics since the mid-1970s which showed how the gap between home and away wins had reduced.
It talked about better pitch quality, standardised pitch sizes, and even video assistance referees (VAR) as factors in the decline of home advantage.
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