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Gluten-free diets may be popular with the Goop crowd, but wellness is more than a fad



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Recently I polled my Facebook friends about rich people’s complaints. It was for a novel I’m working on, but one answer felt uncomfortably close to real life: “obscure dietary restrictions.”

This displeased me. As a person suddenly forced to abide by obscure dietary restrictions — my stomach abruptly started objecting to most foods that fall under the category of “delicious” eight months ago — it pains me that people view the concept of nutritional medicine as akin to Gwyneth Paltrow Kegel-ing jade eggs.

I am, well, fed up — both with our cultural attitudes about food and health and with our medical system’s stubborn refusal to embrace their connections. Make no mistake: The disdain for those connections is as prevalent among some doctors as it is the public.

Yet those connections are becoming clearer every day. Some 70 million Americans suffer from gastrointestinal troubles, notes the National Institute of Health, a number that is on the rise. According to a study in the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, functional gastrointestinal disorders, like constipation and bloating, “rank second in the causes of absence from work or school.”

In some ways, I have the ultimate first world problem, both in the figurative sense — I’m not living in a war zone — and the literal: Research reveals that the American sugar- and fat-filled diet, overuse of antibiotics, painkillers and anti-bacterial everything could be leading to a kind of gastrointestinal crisis. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention notes that the prevalence of food allergies among adults in the U.S. increased by 50 percent between 1997 and 2011. Meanwhile the age of onset for food allergies, Type 2 diabetes and Crohn’s disease is decreasing every year, and the childhood obesity rate is nearing 20 percent.

Say what you will about the alt-science of trendy (and high-priced) health movements, but something really is awry with the American stomach.

Say what you will about the alt-science of trendy (and high-priced) health movements, but something really is awry with the American stomach.

Justin Sonnenburg, associate professor of microbiology and immunology at Stanford University and co-author of “The Good Gut: Taking Control of Your Weight, Your Mood, and Your Long Term Health,” has been studying what’s going wrong, and has a few hypotheses. “C–sections, antibiotics, baby formula, overuse of sanitizers,” are wreaking havoc on our insides, Sonnenbug told me. “And of course, diet.” He calls them the “insults of industrialization,” working together to diminish the microbial community in our guts.

Again, science is on our side, here. Significant research shows the connection between restricting certain categories of foods and improving your stomach bacteria, or microbiome. There is a developing body of research showing that replenishing your microbiome can directly affect your mental health.

So why the disdain for people trying to cure their ailments nutritionally? One reason is the rise of lifestyle wellness media, the websites that position real scientific research on the same plane as jade eggs, face yoga and “brain dust”— “an enlightening edible formula alchemized to align you with the mighty cosmic flow needed for great achievement.” These are things with no proven efficacy that are available only to those with disposable income (that jade egg, for instance, will run you $66 and may actually be bad for you. Meanwhile, 1.5 ounces of brain dust costs $38).

Such sites make “wellness” a commodity, obtainable by only the elite. And as a result wellness, we seem to have collectively agreed, is for the wealthy. Even articles debunking such sites make fun of those who might argue the merits of dietary restrictions generally.

But just because gluten-free food is a fad and a billion-dollar global industry doesn’t mean there isn’t real scientific and medical merit in investigating the steep rise of celiac disease, among other GI disorders. And related, just because celebrities are avoiding soy and wheat and downing chia-flax-açai concoctions doesn’t mean that the rest of us shouldn’t be following in their footsteps, at least part of the time.

The problem is, it’s incredibly hard to do so unless you can afford their shoes. Take my experience. For eight months I tried every Western medical test and intervention — everything covered by insurance — I could. I tried endoscopies, prescription drugs, allergy tests, breath tests, sonograms and blood tests, all of which showed or did nothing. (If you’re wondering about poop tests: Not a single doctor asked for one.)

At each stop, the doctors — GIs, internists, allergists — would dismiss the connection I’d discerned between certain foods and severe bloating and stomach pain, often snidely. Some outright scoffed at the notion of food sensitivities or intolerances. If the world of commerce is all too ready to embrace the microbiome path, the medical world remains all too resistant to it. While game to treat the symptoms, no doctor I saw was keen to discern their cause.

If the world of commerce is all too ready to embrace the microbiome path, the medical world remains all too resistant to it.

“You should go see a functional medicine person,” one doctor, at a boutique medical firm requiring a yearly $200 membership fee, told me. “Their focus is the root cause of the problem.”

“Shouldn’t that always be the focus?” I asked. She didn’t answer.

None of the people she referred me to took insurance, so I steered clear until I was almost completely out of energy, my face had aged five years and I hadn’t successfully digested a meal in weeks. Only then did I begin to see functional medicine experts. These practitioners tested various foods’ affect on my muscles and nervous system and handed me a list of foods they said my body was reacting negatively to: gluten, dairy, sugar, soy, corn, fruit (excluding limes, lemons and berries but including tomatoes), nuts and, weirdly, millet.

Out of desperation, even though I was suspicious of their methods, I heeded their nutritional warnings and restricted my diet, among other negligible activities like drinking an apple cider vinegar cocktail and swishing raw sesame oil in my mouth for 20 minutes each morning.

Here’s what happened: I started getting better. It seems those foods were indeed making me sick. My body is starting to heal without them.

But that healing is a function of privilege. While not rich, I can splurge for a $125 functional medicine appointment, and I live in New York City, near a food co-op that gives me affordable access to a lifetime’s worth of organic kale and quinoa.

People who suffer from GI ailments and live in food deserts may not have the option of restricting their diets — rich people get to complain about dietary restrictions because they are the ones with the privilege of embracing them.

So in some ways, my Facebook friend was correct. People who suffer from GI ailments and live in food deserts may not have the option of restricting their diets — rich people get to complain about dietary restrictions because they are the ones with the privilege of embracing them. I saw this reflected recently at an eatery called Dr. Smood’s, which bills itself as “the healthiest café in Manhattan” and proclaims: “Our food is the new health care.”

They could be right. But who can afford their $10.95 detox kale juice and $14.95 wild-caught salmon sandwich on “power bread?”

Rather than dismissing attempts to solve medical problems nutritionally, we should make that part of the standard of care. My health insurance company, if it’s truly interested in my health, should be as willing to pay for zucchini-beet patties as it is to prescribe me Prilosec.

We are under the impression that it costs more to prescribe a diet than a pill. But a 2013 report by the Union of Concerned Scientists found that it could cost $17 billion less a year if Americans ate the daily amount of fruits and vegetables recommended by the USDA.

“Gastroenterologists are the ones giving advice and they know surprisingly little about the gut microbiome, because it’s not what they learn,” says Sonnenburg. Meanwhile, he notes, the world of wellness lifestyle media and products “can play off this hype,” he said, “and fill a void.”

We need to see changing our diets as part of a larger health plan, and not as the insincere whims of navel-gazing readers with endlessly deep pockets. Yes, I am saying, “Please don’t make fun of me for asking which menu items are gluten-free.” But I’m asking on behalf of every broken tummy person who is trying to heal. In order for a shift in the medical establishment to occur, we need a shift in our cultural attitude first. Wellness should be a right, not a fad.

Lisa Selin Davis is the author of two novels, “BELLY,” and “LOST STARS.” She has written about a variety of topics including urban planning, the environment and parenting.

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La Palma volcano: What caused it to explode and how long could the eruption last? | World News



A volcano that erupted on the Spanish island of La Palma in the Canary Islands is continuing to explode and spew out lava five days after it erupted.

Unstoppable lava flows have destroyed nearly 400 buildings on the western side of the volcanic island of 85,000 people and the authorities have warned of new dangers including toxic gases, volcanic ash and acid rain.

Where is the volcano in La Palma?

A map shows the location of the Cumbre Vieja eruption and the flow of lava
A map shows the location of the Cumbre Vieja eruption and the flow of lava
LA PALMA Canary Islands  MAP
A map of the volcanic activity on La Palma. Credit: Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System

The volcano erupted along the Cumbre Vieja volcanic ridge in La Palma, one of eight volcanic islands in Spain’s Canary Islands archipelago, which sit off the northwestern coast of Africa.

The Canary Islands are popular with European tourists and the nearby island of Tenerife has one of the world’s tallest volcanoes, Mount Teide.

La Palma island itself is made up of two main volcanic complexes: a large one to the north and a smaller one to the south, which erupted on Sunday. The island last saw an eruption in 1971.

How did scientists know the eruption was coming?

More on La Palma Volcano Eruption

Scientists had been monitoring a build-up of underground magma beneath La Palma for a week before the eruption and were able to warn of a possible eruption, allowing nearly 7,000 people to evacuate.

They had detected more than 20,000 earthquakes in an “earthquake swarm” which can indicate a coming eruption.

What caused the volcano to erupt?

Copernicus Sentinel-2 image shows the eruption of a volcano in the Cumbre Vieja national park, on the Canary Island of La Palma
Copernicus Sentinel-2 image shows the eruption of the volcano in the Cumbre Vieja national park
Lava spews from the Cumbre Vieja volcano in La Palma, Spain
Lava spews from the Cumbre Vieja volcano

Three days before the volcano erupted, the Canary Islands Volcanology Institute reported that 11 million cubic metres (388 million cubic feet) of molten rock had been pushed into the volcano.

Professor David Pyle, a volcanologist at the University of Oxford, told Sky News: “Magma is generated within Earth’s mantle and below La Palma that magma is probably being generated continuously at depths of 100km or so. Every now and then those magmas will collect and break through, pushing up into the shallow parts of the Earth’s crust.

“When the latest swarm of earthquakes started a week before the eruption began, scientists recognised they were happening at a shallower depth than they had seen in previous years.

“They were able to look at satellite images which showed deformation of the surface and they were very confident that from these they could recognise the movement of magma towards the surface.”

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Lava from the volcano is destroying and burying homes, leaving thousands devastated

A 4.2-magnitude earthquake was recorded before the eruption, which saw two fissures open up and bright red magma bubble up into the air.

How has the eruption developed?

Earthquakes have continued and a new fissure opened on Monday following a 3.8-magnitude quake. Scientists have warned that new lava vents and cracks could emerge, putting new areas at risk.

Lava covers more than 180 hectares on the island of La Palma and destroys 390 buildings
Lava erupts from the Cumbre Vieja volcanic ridge. Pic: AP

Prof Pyle said scientists will now be measuring the amount of gas escaping from the volcano, checking whether the composition of magma changes over time and measuring the quantity of material that is being expelled to see how quickly the volcano is erupting.

“With these they will be forming an expert judgement in terms of what the trajectory is looking like in terms of the eruption, whether it is waxing or waning,” he said.

“In this crisis they are deploying all the tools they can to try and work out what is changing during the eruption. And that will give them the clues in terms of whether or not to expect the activity to last for days, or weeks, or months.”

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Scientists say the volcanic eruption could continue until December

Officials in La Palma have recorded 1,130 tremors in the area over the past week as the volcano blasted molten lava into the air.

The explosions have propelled ash almost 15,000ft into the air, according to the Guardia Civil police force. Two rivers of lava have flowed slowly down the hillside, consuming houses, banana farms and infrastructure.

How long could the eruption last?

Residents look from a hill as the lava from a volcano eruption flows on the island of La Palma in the Canaries, Spain
Residents look on from a hill as lava from the volcano flows. Pic: AP

Scientists are unclear about how long the eruption could last, with estimates ranging between weeks and even months.

The previous eruption in 1971 lasted for just over three weeks. The last eruption in the Canary Islands happened underwater off the coast of El Hierro island in 2011 and lasted for five months.

Professor Mike Burton, a volcanologist at the University of Manchester, told Sky News that while scientists were able to predict the eruption, knowing how long it could last was “the tricky bit”.

Lava from a volcano eruption flows in El Paso, on the Canary Island of La Palma, Spain, September 23, 2021.
Lava has surrounded houses in El Paso

“It’s great that we can see when something like this is coming, but once it has started it is quite hard to be clear about how it is going to evolve.

“I think the best thing we can do is watch and look for signs of waxing and waning, increasing and decreasing activity.

“The last eruption went on for about three months, but every eruption is different. This one appears to have started with a higher lava eruption rate than the 1971 eruption, so already it seems to be more powerfully supplied.

“That might mean it goes on much longer, but you have to be cautious about making any deterministic predictions. We really need to wait and see what nature does.”

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Elon Musk and Grimes split up after three years together but ‘remain on great terms’ | Ents & Arts News



Elon Musk and Grimes have split up after three years together, according to reports.

Musk, who is the founder of SpaceX and Tesla, confirmed to Page Six that he and the Canadian singer are semi-separate but on good terms.

The 50-year-old added that they will continue to co-parent their one-year-old son, X Æ A-Xii Musk.

Elon Musk and his newborn. Pic: @elonmusk/Twitter
Elon Musk and Grimes welcomed their first child in May 2020. Pic: @elonmusk/Twitter

“We are semi-separated but still love each other, see each other frequently and are on great terms,” Musk told Page Six.

“It’s mostly that my work at SpaceX and Tesla requires me to be primarily in Texas or travelling overseas, and her work is primarily in LA. She’s staying with me now, and Baby X is in the adjacent room.”

The pair started dated in May 2018 and welcomed their first son two years later.

They were last seen together at the Met Gala on 13 September, when Grimes, 33, walked on the red carpet alone and Musk joined her inside.

Grimes joined Musk at a Met Gala after-party, which he was hosting, and the duo were seen leaving New York together the next day.

Metropolitan Museum of Art Costume Institute Gala - Met Gala - In America: A Lexicon of Fashion - Arrivals - New York City, U.S. - September 13, 2021. Grimes. REUTERS/Mario Anzuoni
Grimes walked on the red carpet alone at the Met Gala on 13 September but was joined by Elon Musk inside

Musk was previously married to author Justine Wilson, with whom he has five sons – 17-year-old twins Griffin and Xavier, and triplets Damian, Saxon and Kai, aged 15.

He has also been married twice to Westworld actress Talulah Riley, and dated Amber Heard for a year.

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Mozambique: Rwandan troops have swift impact on the ground as they help fight Islamist insurgents | World News



In northern Mozambique, the country’s weary-looking soldiers can be seen on the roadside, walking about with ancient-looking AK-47 rifles slung on their shoulders.

They have access to a couple of armoured vehicles in the war-torn province of Cabo Delgado, but their vehicles date from an earlier era and have clearly suffered from decades of over-use.

Yet Rwanda’s Defence Force (RDF), now helping the Mozambicans deal with a nasty, three-year Islamist insurgency, is a very different proposition.

Colonel Ronald Rwivanga said Rwanda's mission in Mozambique was "open-ended", yet they cannot stay forever
An army spokesman said Rwanda’s mission was “open-ended”, yet the troops cannot stay forever

As members of a small journalist contingent embedded with the Rwandans, we raced past their Mozambican partners in fully-armed troops trucks and steel-plated personnel carriers as the men on the roadside looked wistfully on.

“You can see, they don’t have very much,” said one Rwandan soldier as we looked on from our speeding vehicle.

More than 1,000 Rwandan troops were sent to Mozambique at the beginning of July as the leaders of other southern African states began to sweat and fret about this conflict.

Cabo Delgado is isolated, impoverished and generally ignored by the country’s political elite and the insurgents have discovered that the region’s towns and villages are excellent places to recruit.

The militants call themselves “Ansar al-Sunna” and form one of a growing number of groups across Africa that have pledged allegiance to the Islamic State.

Rwanda's Defence Force (RDF) are now helping the Mozambicans deal with a nasty, three-year Islamic insurgency
Shops, homes and churches have been destroyed or badly damaged

Furthermore, their members have demonstrated a similar ability to generate and spread terror with near-constant reports of beheadings, executions and mass kidnappings.

Over the course of the past few days, our contacts reported attacks, abductions and beheadings in places like Quissanga, Quionga and Naharunga – small parts of a vast area that have already been largely depopulated at the hands of the militants.

Aid agencies estimate that around 800,000 people have been driven from their homes with tens of thousands living in poorly-equipped camps in the southern part of the province.

Since 2015, the country has faced an ongoing insurgency by Islamist groups
Since 2015, the country has faced an ongoing insurgency by Islamist groups

Still, as the RDF’s press team are keen to remind us, their well-trained and well-equipped forces have had an almost immediate impact on the ground.

It only took a couple of weeks to secure the Alfungi Penisula, where energy giant Total has been building a natural gas mega-project.

The Rwandans made the French firm’s facility their headquarters, then moved down the coast, reclaiming the key port of Mocimboa da Praia at the beginning of August.

The airport in Mocombia de Praia has been trashed  during the fighting
The airport in Mocimboa de Praia has been trashed during the fighting

We toured the city and found it – like most communities in Cabo Delgado – to be largely deserted.

Shops, homes and the local church had been destroyed or badly damaged and the port area was an utter mess, demonstrating the insurgents’ talent for destruction over civic administration.

The Rwandans took us over to the airport, which has also been trashed and laid out a huge stockpile of arms which they said had been seized from the militants in Mocimboa de Praia.

Mozambique's forces have access to a couple of armoured vehicles and ancient-looking AK-47 rifles  in the province of Cabo Delgado
The Rwandans laid out a huge stockpile of arms which they said had been seized from the militants in Mocimboa de Praia

Their spokesman could not – or would not say where the guns and rocket launchers had come from – but it is highly likely they were plundered from the Mozambican military as their men retreated – or fled – during earlier phases of the conflict.

Still, there is a new army in town and their spokesman, Colonel Ronald Rwivanga, told me their mission was “open-ended” – they are prepared to stay, he said, “because it is the right thing to do”.

Yet we know the Rwandans cannot remain here forever and their temporary presence here will not address the various causes of this crisis which are rooted in the complicated business of poor governance and basic services.

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