Donald Trump has put MS-13, one of the world’s deadliest gangs, at the heart of his immigration reform.
He’s vowed to destroy the group and send members back to El Salvador.
Sky News has followed the journey of some of those deported from America in recent months to see how El Salvador is coping.
MS-13 was in fact formed on the street corners of Los Angeles and only spread when members were deported back to Central America.
The new wave of deportees from America are returning to a country many haven’t seen in decades and one where the gangs dominate neighbourhoods with the threat of extortion, rape and murder.
But it’s not just criminals being sent back.
The Trump administration is also ending permits for nearly 200,000 Salvadorans to live and work in the US.
They were granted Temporary Protected Status (TPS) after earthquakes rocked the Central American country in 2001.
Salvadorans have until 9 September to leave or face deportation, unless they find a legal way to stay.
There are up to eight deportation flights arriving each week, with no more than 135 people on each flight.
The United States is part of an agreement that states that it cannot send home more than 56,000 Salvadorans a year.
But the recent flow of people has already tested the system. In the past two years, America has sent back 39,000.
At La Chacra, the country’s main repatriation centre, nervous deportees arrive with their few belongings bundled into bags.
Shoelaces that have been confiscated by the immigration authorities are returned and the anxious men and women inside receive a briefing.
Some openly acknowledge they have committed crimes.
I ask one young man, what he thinks when Donald Trump talks about sending back “the bad hombres”.
He smirks and replies: “What can I say? He’s right. We’re not coming back for no reason.”
Jefferson Alvarado has a very different take.
He’s been living in Iowa for 13 years and says he was sent back by Immigration and Customs Enforcement because his mother forgot to turn up to an immigration hearing.
“A lot of people are here for minor issues like driving without a licence..a lot of us here are actually hard workers,” he says. When we meet him days later, he’s in hiding, scared of gangs targeting him and unable to go out for work.
Everyone faces a rapid and extreme adjustment.
The centre itself is in an area dominated by gangs who see them as easy prey.
Very few of the deportees we speak to know where they will go next.
Some will try to scratch a living in the markets, earning perhaps five dollars a day.
But there aren’t enough jobs in the market to absorb them – the best job opportunities are ironically working in call centres for US companies.
And El Salvador’s economy depends on money sent back from America. Remittances from Salvadorans living in the United States account for a 17% of GDP.
MS-13 and Barrio 18 still have a heavy presence in the country.
On the first day we arrive, 23 people are killed in gang related violence.
In just the first 50 days of 2018, there were 494 murders.
The National Civil Police patrol the streets with balaclavas and assault rifles.
A young officer tells us he’s worried for his family and colleagues: “I have lost four friends,” he says. But police and soldiers have also been accused of extra judicial killings.
Locking people up in the country’s overcrowded jails hasn’t solved the gang crisis.
In the 1990s, those sent back just regrouped and recruited on the inside.
We gain rare access to Apanteos, a model prison, where inmates can learn religion and languages.
But leaving the gang can be extremely difficult.
Inmates, covered in easily identifiable MS-13 tattoos tell us: “Once you leave, they’ll get you.”
The next day, we face a stark reminder of the constant threat.
We see the body of an 18-year-old man in an arid field in an area where MS-13 operates. He’s been shot in the head and chest and his weeping mother says he’s been targeted.
Back in America, poverty and intimidation is driving young people to join MS-13.
The gang has been linked to a spate of gruesome killings.
The murder of Nisa Mickens and Kayla Cuevas, two teenage girls from Long Island who were killed with a machete and baseball bats, caught the President’s attention.
He invited their parents to the State of the Union address and called for immigration loopholes to be closed.
Ten of those charged were citizens of El Salvador or Honduras who were in the US illegally.
But some of those living alongside the threat in immigrant communities fear Donald Trump’s focus will only embolden the gang and further silence witnesses.
The MS-13 threat isn’t new and there are no easy solutions to target a complex, clandestine and fractured organisation.
America’s hospitality and patience is running out though.
Aquiles Magana from the National Council for the Protection and Development of Migrants accepts it is El Salvador’s responsibility to provide for it’s people.
But he adds: “I don’t think Trump understands the nature of the problem. And he’s not interested in understanding it.”
Afghanistan: Youngsters protest online against order telling girls not to go to school | World News
Afghan girls and boys have joined a social media protest against a decision by the Taliban to prevent young females going to school.
Putting their own safety at risk, many have created makeshift banners to make their points, opposing an edict by the Taliban government that female middle and high school students should not return to school for the time being, while boys of the same age can resume their studies this weekend.
It comes as the interim mayor of Kabul is telling female city authority employees to stay home, with only those whose jobs cannot be done by men allowed to work.
The moves are further evidence the Taliban, which overran Kabul last month, is enforcing its harsh interpretation of Islam despite initial promises that it would be tolerant and inclusive.
Among the slogans on the banners displayed by the youngsters are statements like: “What is our crime that we are prevented from education?” and “I won’t go to school without my sister. I support my sister. We are equal.”
Sky News has blurred the faces of some of those protesting, as there are fears they could be at risk in a country that appears to be clamping down on the right of expression.
On Sunday, just over a dozen women staged a protest outside the new ministry, holding up placards calling for the right of women to participate in public life.
The protest lasted for about 10 minutes before a short verbal confrontation occurred with a man and the women got into cars and left, as members of the Taliban watched from nearby cars.
Kabul’s new interim mayor, Hamdullah Namony, told his first news conference that, pending a further decision, most of the 1,000 or so female city authority employees would be required to stay home.
He said exceptions would only be made for women who could not be replaced by men, including some in the design and engineering departments and the attendants of public toilets for women.
Mr Namony added: “There are some areas that men can’t do it, we have to ask our female staff to fulfil their duties, there is no alternative for it.”
During its previous rule between the mid 1990s and 2001, the Taliban had forbidden girls and women from schools, jobs and public life.
In recent days, Taliban officials told female university students that classes would take place in gender-segregated settings, and they must abide by a strict Islamic dress code.
Under the previous US-backed administration, before it was deposed by the Taliban in August, men and women had sat alongside each other in universities, for the most part.
On Friday, the Taliban shut down the ministry for women’s affairs, replacing it with a government department responsible for the “propagation of virtue and the prevention of vice”, with the job of enforcing Islamic law.
Amid deteriorating conditions for ordinary Afghans, many of whom previously relied on international aid, witnesses said an explosion targeted a Taliban vehicle in the provincial city of Jalalabad, the second such deadly blast in as many days in an area where Islamic State militants are said to dominate.
The Taliban and IS extremists are enemies and battled each other before the Taliban took control of Afghanistan last month.
Initial reports said five people were killed, with a child among the two civilians said to have died. The Taliban were not immediately available for comment.
Boris Johnson tells world leaders he is growing ‘increasingly frustrated’ at their efforts to tackle climate change | Politics News
Boris Johnson has criticised other world leaders over their efforts to tackle climate change, telling them he is growing “increasingly frustrated” that their commitments are “nowhere near enough”.
Speaking during a meeting at the United Nations in New York, the prime minister said the gap between what has been promised by industrialised nations and what they have so far delivered remains “vast”.
Co-hosting a discussion on the issue at the UN General Assembly, Mr Johnson urged fellow leaders to renew their efforts to meet a key financing pledge to help developing nations.
The PM wants to get countries to commit to giving $100bn (£73bn) a year in support to developing nations to cut their carbon emissions and shield themselves against climate change.
But he earlier told reporters there was only a “six out of 10” chance of this target being met before the COP26 climate summit in Glasgow in November – which he then said will be “a turning point for the world” and “the moment when we have to grow up and take our responsibilities”.
He told Sky News’ political editor Beth Rigby: “We have been here before, we have all heard lots of positive noises, let’s see where we get to.
“We are not counting our chickens.”
However, Joe Biden’s climate envoy sounded upbeat when questioned by Sky News.
“I think we’re going to get it done by COP and the US will do its part,” John Kerry said.
Asked if the US president will announce more money this week, he replied: “I’m not hoping… I’m telling you to stay tuned into the president’s speech and we’ll see where we are.”
Chairing the climate discussion on Monday, Mr Johnson noted that “everyone nods and we all agree that something must be done”.
“Yet I confess I’m increasingly frustrated that the ‘something’ to which many of you have committed is nowhere near enough,” he continued.
“It is the biggest economies in the world that are causing the problem, while the smallest suffer the worst consequences.
“And while progress is being made all over the world, the gulf between what has been promised, what is actually being delivered, and what needs to happen… it remains vast.
“Too many major economies – some represented here today, some absent – are lagging too far behind.”
And the PM warned countries there would be consequences if the financing target is not met, saying: “If you say that the lives of their children are not worth the hassle of reducing domestic coal consumption, will they vote with you in fora such as this?
“Will they work with you, borrow from you, stand with you if you tell the world that you don’t care whether their land and their people slip below the waves?
“To be merely a bystander is to be complicit in their fate – yet that is exactly what you will be if you fail to act this year.”
Ahead of the UN meeting, Downing Street said developed countries had “collectively failed” to meet the target.
Figures released last week by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development showed that $79.6bn was mobilised in 2019, more than $20bn off the target.
Watch the Daily Climate Show at 6.30pm Monday to Friday on Sky News, the Sky News website and app, on YouTube and Twitter.
The show investigates how global warming is changing our landscape and highlights solutions to the crisis.
Serbians block roads in Kosovo in protest over license plate restrictions | World News
Protesters have blocked roads in northern Kosovo after authorities stopped cars with Serbian plates from entering the country.
Serbia, which lost control of Kosovo in 1999, does not recognise Kosovo and has stopped cars with Kosovo license plates from entering the country.
Almost 50,000 Serbs who live in the north of Kosovo and share a border with Serbia, refuse to recognise Pristina’s authorities and as restrictions came into force on Monday, cars and trucks blocked roads in protest.
Police in Kosovo deployed riot gear and armoured vehicles as the blockades built up and Kosovo’s Prime Minister, Albin Kurti, said the move was not taken to harm drivers but was a retaliation measure against Belgrade.
“Today there is nothing illegal or discriminatory,” Mr Kurti said in parliament.
“Just as yesterday, today and tomorrow, Serb citizens will move freely and safely.”
Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic said the situation is very “serious and difficult”.
“When you are dealing with people who are not responsible, it is difficult to find a solution,” Mr Vucic said.
The two countries began talks in 2013, mediated by the European Union, to resolve the issues, but little progress has been made.
Kosovo is recognised by around 110 countries, including the United States, Britain and most western countries, but Russia, Serbia’s traditional ally, does not recognise it.
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