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Trump says ‘caravans’ of immigrants are headed for the U.S. What’s he talking about?

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“These are families, women, children, men, too, fleeing horrific violence,” Gilman said. “They’re fleeing crime, they are not criminals.”

The march was organized by a group called Pueblo Sin Fronteras, or People Without Borders, which said in a release they are seeking refuge from violence and corruption. The group did not respond to a request for interview.

Mexican authorities have not stopped the group as it makes it way through the country, with many seeking entry to the United States, according to Buzzfeed.

 Central American migrants arrive at in Ixtepec, Oaxaca, Mexico on March 30, 2018, before continuing their journey to the United States. Jose Jesus Cortes / Reuters

What happens when the people reach the U.S.-Mexico border?

If the caravan attempts to cross the border in a group, participants will be stopped or apprehended, according to University of California, Davis School of Law Dean Kevin Johnson. The majority of the migrants are expected to seek asylum if they cross into the United States. (Otherwise, they would likely be deported immediately — sometimes on the same day — under existing law.)

Asylum seekers are screened with a “credible fear interview” within weeks of their arrival, Gilman said. If they do not pass, they are deported immediately.

Those who are determined to have a credible claim for asylum will then proceed toward an asylum hearing in immigration court. Pending an asylum hearing, some immigrants are released to live with nearby families, while others will be detained in immigration detention housing, which was widely expanded as part of the Obama administration’s immigration enforcement.

Could Mexico still stop them?

“In recent years, the Mexican government has tried to keep Central Americans out because they don’t like to be an avenue for migration,” Johnson said, but he pointed to international law mandating that people be free to leave any country, including their own. “I don’t see there’s evidence that Mexico’s not doing what it’s supposed to be doing under international law.”

Mexico could have barred the migrants from entering its own country, but it’s unlikely they’ll stop them from trying to enter the United States.

Is “catch and release” a “liberal (Democrat)” law, like Trump says?

There is no “catch and release” law that stops U.S. authorities from apprehending migrants at the border, as Trump claimed in a tweet. Rather, the phrase refers to a past policy of letting certain immigrants without documentation live in the U.S. while awaiting immigration hearings.

Gilman said it was not a widespread practice under the Obama administration, and is not now. The president announced he was ending the practice with an executive order more than a year ago, too.

 Central American migrants gather before continuing their journey to the U.S.in Ixtepec, Oaxaca, Mexico on March 31, 2018. Jose Jesus Cortes / Reuters

“Almost everybody is detained at the border until at least they pass the (initial asylum) screening interview, and increasingly after,” Gilman said.

Can the migrants receive DACA status?

Trump gets this wrong. The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program is not the same as asylum, and anyone who crosses the border now is not eligible for DACA.

The Obama-era DACA program, which is the subject of a legal battle after Trump ended the program last year, allows children of undocumented immigrants, known as Dreamers, to remain in the U.S. if they were under 16 when their parents brought them to the U.S., were under 31 in June 2012, and had continuously lived here without legal status since at least June 2007. The only people who can currently use or apply for DACA are the the 700,000 young people currently enrolled thanks to a lower court order that remains in effect.

“Asylum would give you a path to legalization and lawful resident status — DACA doesn’t give you that,” Johnson added.



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State pension chaos as people left stranded on NO income

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STATE pensions have been thrown into chaos by a backlog at the Department for Work and Pensions .

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Migrants have been cleared from under Del Rio bridge, Mayorkas says

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WASHINGTON — The thousands of mostly Haitian migrants who had been encamped underneath a bridge in Del Rio, Texas, have been removed and either deported to Haiti or placed in immigration proceedings, Secretary of Homeland Security Alejandro Mayorkas said Friday.

“Today, we have no migrants remaining in the camp under the International Bridge,” he said. “Migrants continue to be expelled and under the CDC’s Title 42 authority. Title 42 is a public health authority and not an immigration policy, and it is important to note that Title 42 is applicable, and has been applicable, to all irregular migration.”

Workers clear debris from the site of a makeshift border migrant camp along the International Bridge in Del Rio, Texas, on Sept. 24, 2021.Adrees Latif / Reuters

Of the approximately 15,000 migrants who arrived at the border in recent days, Mayorkas said, 2,000 were returned to Haiti on 17 flights under the policy called Title 42 which was invoked at the start of the Covid-19 pandemic that allows the administration to swiftly expel migrants. An additional 12,400 will remain in the country and have their asylum cases heard by a judge because of exemptions in that policy, which include those who have an “acute vulnerability,” like needing urgent medical care, or because of “operational capacity,” Mayorkas said.

“That means they go before an immigration judge in immigration court,” he said. “If they make a claim that they have a basis under law to remain in the United States, then the judge will hear and adjudicate that claim. If the judge determines that the claim is not valid, the individual will be removed.”

The Biden administration has been criticized for sending Haitian migrants, many who have been in Central American and South American countries for several years, back to Haiti when that country is dealing with a humanitarian crisis following a recent earthquake and a hurricane. The official response led the U.S. special envoy for Haiti, Daniel Foote, to resign Thursday over what he called the administration’s “inhumane” treatment of Haitian migrants.

Migrants walk through a makeshift border camp along the International Bridge in Del Rio, Texas, early on Sept. 24, 2021.Adrees Latif / Reuters

Mayorkas said nearly 30,000 migrants have been encountered by immigration officials since Sept. 9, with the highest number reaching approximately 15,000 at one point. He said 8,000 of those migrants returned to Mexico on their own.

Of the more than 12,000 not expelled to Haiti and placed into immigration proceedings, he said some of them are in detention while others are placed in “alternatives to detention.”

“We remain in touch with them. We monitor them, to ensure their appearance in court at the designated time of appearance,” Mayorkas said.

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House passes bill to protect abortion rights in response to restrictive Texas law

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