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Gender gap: Ageing societies give more advantages to men than women, researchers say | World News

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Men have more advantages than women in ageing populations, an international study has found.

Researchers say the gender differences in societal ageing suggest men have better resources to cope with the challenges of getting older.

Different gender roles within society not only shape women’s and men’s life opportunities but also their experience of ageing, the research suggests.

Worldwide, the number of people aged 65 years and older is expected to more than double in the next 30 years, rising from 703 million in 2019 to 1.5 billion in 2050.

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Age UK on difficulties facing elderly after lockdown

The study, by researchers from the National University of Singapore and Columbia University in America, found men are especially advantaged when it comes to income and wealth.

They are more likely to be financially secure, have paid work and spend fewer years in ill-health than women in later life.

The first of its kind, the research investigated gender differences in the experience of people growing older in 18 countries in the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which includes the likes of the UK and the US.

Women across the countries analysed were shown to have a three year longer average life expectancy than men, but spend more years in poor health.

They are also more likely to live alone at the end of their lives and earn less than men.

A disproportionately greater risk of disability and ill-health in women increased their likelihood of needing long-term care, the study found, as well.

Researchers used the latest data from the OECD and World Bank between 2015 and 2019 for 18 of the 35 OECD countries with sufficient data to develop a gender-specific ageing index.

The new index accounts for five categories that capture social and economic factors affecting the quality of ageing: wellbeing, productivity and engagement, equity, cohesion and security.

Using the system, researchers calculated the overall index and individual category scores that range from 0 to 100 for men and women.

A higher score suggests a successfully ageing society.

Key differences between men and women in ageing societies according to the study:

  • Men have better resources to cope with the challenges of ageing
  • Women have a three year longer average life expectancy than men
  • Men are especially advantaged when it comes to income and wealth
  • Women spend more years in poor health
  • Men are more likely to be financially secure
  • Women have a greater risk of disability and ill-health, which increases their likelihood of needing long-term care
  • Men are more likely to be engaged in paid work
  • Women are more likely to live alone at the end of their lives
  • Women earn less than men

Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Norway, the Netherlands and Japan did well for both genders with an overall index score of 66 or above for men and 55 or above for women.

Countries in much of eastern and southern Europe were at the bottom of the rankings.

The UK achieved an overall index score of 57 for men and 47 for women. It also had the largest difference in wellbeing scores between the two genders, with a score of 74 assigned for men and 61 for women.

America’s overall performance score was 55 for men and 47 for women.

Both the US and the UK performed poorly in the study, indicating growing inequality in the distribution of income and wealth.

Lead author Dr Cynthia Chen, from the National University of Singapore, said: “Ageing societies reinforce the prevailing gender norms in which men continue to be allocated the majority of opportunities, resources, and social support.

“With the world’s population ageing at an unprecedented rate, and the ratio of older women to older men expected to increase, there is an urgent need to challenge the structural and policy biases that favour men.”

The authors have suggested four measures to help address gender bias and inequality in societal ageing including assessing minimum income requirements for healthy living in older people and minimum pensions.

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Israel recaptures Palestinian militants who escaped maximum-security jail through cell floor | World News

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Four of six Palestinians who broke out of a maximum-security Israeli prison via a hole in their cell floor have been recaptured.

Two of the fugitives were found in the town of Umm al Ghanam, Israel police said, while the other pair were discovered in Nazareth.

According to Israeli media, residents in both locations turned them in. Four of the six are serving life sentences.

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Prisoners’ escape tunnel uncovered

One of those caught in Umm al Ghanam, Zakaria Zubeidi, was a militant leader during the second Palestinian uprising in the early 2000s.

Police issued a photograph of him being led away in handcuffs and with a scarf around his head.

Despite being linked with attacks on Israelis, he formed a friendship with an Israeli woman and gave numerous interviews.

A hole in the floor is shown in this handout picture by Israel's Prisons Service after six Palestinian militant broke out of their cell in north Israel
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The hole in the floor through which the inmates are believed to have escaped

Zubeidi also took college courses and was part of a West Bank theatre movement before being re-arrested in 2019 on suspicion of being involved in attacks.

In Nazareth, video on social media showed one of the pair detained there being restrained in the back seat of a police vehicle.

Wearing jeans and a green T-shirt, he identifies himself as Yakub Kadari and says “yes” when asked whether he is one of the escapees.

He is serving two life sentences for attempted murder and planting bombs.

All of the escapees are from the city of Jenin in the West Bank.

Zakaria Zubeidi's hideout in Umm al Ghanam, northern Israel. Pic: AP
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Zakaria Zubeidi’s hideout in Umm al Ghanam, northern Israel. Pic: AP

Their actions have been celebrated in both the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

Late on Friday, militants in Gaza fired a rocket into Israel in an apparent sign of solidarity, drawing Israeli airstrikes in response.

The militants’ escape, through the floor of their shared cell in Gilboa prison, has been a major embarrassment for Israel.

Hamas said the escapees had “scored a victory and harmed the prestige of the Israeli security system”.

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Pantelleria tornado: Two dead and nine injured on Italian island south of Sicily | World News

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Two people have been killed and nine injured after a tornado ripped through the Italian island of Pantelleria.

Two people are also in a critical condition, said authorities on the Mediterranean island 62 miles (100km) southwest of Sicily.

A firefighter and an 86-year-old resident died after their cars were flipped into the air and they were thrown out, according to Italian news agency ANSA.

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Cars were flipped over by the force of the wind. Pic: AP

One victim landed on a low wall and the other on the ground.

Some 10 vehicles were flipped by the force of the tornado, with one local telling Italian media: “What presented itself to our eyes was an apocalyptic scene.”

Pic: Protezione Civile via AP
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Two people are in critical condition. Pic: Protezione Civile via AP

Firefighters also said electricity poles had been bent over, roofs damaged and trees knocked down in the tornado.

Pantelleria mayor Vincenzo Vittorio Campo said no one appeared to be missing on the island.

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9/11 anniversary: Who were the September 11th attackers and what are the links with the new Taliban regime? | World News

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Twenty years on from the September 11th terror attacks, the Taliban are back in power in Afghanistan.

After being driven out by US forces following 9/11, the US commitment to withdraw from the country ahead of the two-decade anniversary has resulted in Islamist rule there once again.

Despite Taliban promises to keep al Qaeda and other terrorist groups out of Afghanistan, several members of their new government have links to Osama bin Laden and former Taliban leader Mohammed Omar.

As the world marks 20 years since 9/11, Sky News looks at who the attackers were and how they are linked to the extremist ideology that inspired them.

Pilots and ‘muscle hijackers’

There were 19 attackers in total – split between four planes.

Four were trained pilots and each accompanied by three to five “muscle hijackers” who overwhelmed passengers and crew while they took control of their respective aircrafts.

The group, who came from Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Lebanon and Egypt, were chosen by al Qaeda leaders in Afghanistan in 2000 before undergoing training at various camps across the country.

Those selected then travelled to Saudi Arabia to obtain US visas, before finally flying to America to await take-off on 11 September.

American Airlines Flight 11

The first plane took off from Logan International Airport in Boston and was bound for Los Angeles International Airport but crashed into the north tower of the World Trade Center at 8.46am.

Pilot

Mohamed Atta, 33, Egypt

9/11 Terrorists mugshot American Airlines Flight 11
Pictured : Mohamed Atta - pilot

Atta was quickly identified as the ringleader of the 9/11 attacks.

The 33-year-old grew up in a strict household in Egypt where he was made to study hard. His family were not believed to be particularly religious.

After completing a degree in architecture at Cairo University he moved to Germany and enrolled on another course at the Technical University of Hamburg-Harburg.

It was in Hamburg that his religious views appear to have intensified.

He formed a prayer group for like-minded Muslims at his mosque, where he met two of the other 9/11 pilots – Marwan al Shehhi and Ziad Jarrah.

They became known as the ‘Hamburg cell’ after seeking out al Qaeda and eventually meeting Osama bin Laden.

Atta arrived in the US in the summer of 2000 and underwent flight training in south Florida.

He travelled on several commercial flights to better understand how to carry out the hijacking.

Hijackers

Wail al Shehri, 28, Saudi Arabia

 9/11 terrorists - American Airlines Flight 11
Wail al Shehri, / Wail alShehri,

Wail and Waleed al Shehri were brothers from Asir, a deprived region of Saudi Arabia that borders Yemen, often referred to as the “wild frontier”.

Wail was a primary school teacher in Khamis Mushait but travelled to the holy city of Medina in 2000 for help with his mental health problems.

Accompanied by his brother, the pair were redirected to Afghanistan where they were recruited by al Qaeda to take part in the 9/11 attacks.

He arrived in the US in June 2001.

Waleed al Shehri, 22, Saudi Arabia

 9/11 terrorists - American Airlines Flight 11
Waleed al Shehri
Waleed alShehri,

Wail’s brother Waleed travelled with him to Medina and then to Afghanistan.

They took part in an al Qaeda training camp before acquiring US visas and travelling to America.

In May 2001 he flew with fellow hijacker Satam al Suqami from Fort Lauderdale in Florida to Freeport in the Bahamas.

The men had reservations at the Bahamas Princess Resort but were turned away due to visa issues on arrival.

He also flew solo to San Francisco in July, staying in Las Vegas for a night on the way back.

This was an unusual move as he was not instructed to take surveillance flights like some of the other attackers.

Satam al Suqami, 25, Saudi Arabia

 9/11 terrorists - American Airlines Flight 11
Satam al Suqami
Satam alSuqami

Al Suqami was born and brought up in the Saudi capital of Riyadh.

He was studying law when he was recruited by al Qaeda along with fellow Saudi hijacker Majed Moqed to undergo terrorist training in Afghanistan.

Suqami was not considered particularly religious before his involvement with al Qaeda and had been known to drink alcohol.

Reports claim his passport was found close to the World Trade Center, with a member of the public picking it up and handing it to police shortly before the towers fell.

Abdulaziz al Omari, 22, Saudi Arabia

 9/11 terrorists - American Airlines Flight 11
Abdulaziz al Omari
Abdulaziz alOmari

Al Omari was another hijacker from the poor Saudi province of Asir.

He had a degree from the Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University and often served as an imam at his mosque.

The 22-year-old was married with a daughter.

He is believed to have been taught by the radical Saudi Cleric Sulayman al Alwan at his mosque in al Qassim province – the heartland of what has been described as the strictest form of Islam known as Wahhabism.

The mosque has been referred to by experts as a “terrorist factory”.

Al Omari was identified by his passport, which was left in luggage at the airport that never made it onto his flight.

United Airlines Flight 175

The second plane was on the same route as the first, having taken off from Logan International Airport in Boston – destined for Los Angeles.

After it was hijacked it crashed into the south tower of the World Trade Center at 9.03am.

Pilot

Marwan al Shehhi, 23, United Arab Emirates

 9/11 terrorists - United Airlines Flight 175
Marwan al Shehhi pilot
Marwan alShehhi

Al Shehhi was a student in the UAE before he moved to Germany in 1996.

In Hamburg at the al Quds mosque he met two of the other 9/11 pilots Mohamed Atta and Ziad Jarrah.

After offering themselves to al Qaeda and attending a camp in Afghanistan, al Shehhi arrived in Florida to do his flight training, obtaining his pilots licence in December 2000.

He was heavily involved in the planning of the attacks and took several surveillance flights to study how they would be carried out.

Al Shehhi was the youngest of the four pilots on 9/11.

Hijackers

Fayez Banihammad, 24, United Arab Emirates

 9/11 terrorists - United Airlines Flight 175
Fayez Banihammad
Fayez Baniham-mad

Banihammad was one of only two Emirati hijackers.

He left his family in the UAE and travelled to the Asir region of Saudi Arabia where several of the other hijackers were from.

From there he was recruited to al Qaeda, telling his family he was going travelling to take part in relief work overseas.

He had links to one of the Saudi men who is alleged to have financed the attacks – Mustafa al Hawsawi.

Banihammad travelled to the US on a tourist visa.

Ahmed al Ghamdi, 22, Saudi Arabia

 9/11 terrorists - United Airlines Flight 175
Ahmed alGhamdi
Ahmed al-Ghamdi

Al Ghamdi was one of four hijackers to come from the Saudi region of Al Bahah.

It is largely isolated and underdeveloped, but home to several religious tourist sites.

He left school early to fight the Russians in Chechnya where he was likely recruited to al Qaeda and then sent to Afghanistan to train.

Al Ghamdi was an imam and known as particularly religious.

He arrived in the US in May 2001 on a tourist visa.

Hamza al Ghamdi, 20, Saudi Arabia

 9/11 terrorists - United Airlines Flight 175
 Hamza alGhamdi
 Hamza al-Ghamdi

Hamza al Ghamdi was among the youngest hijackers and came from the Al Bahah region of Saudi Arabia along with Ahmed al Ghamdi, Saeed al Ghamdi and Ahmad al Haznawi.

According to their travel records and family testimonies, the group were in contact with each other as early as 1999.

He, like Ahmed, left Saudi to fight in Chechnya and was recruited to al Qaeda there.

Hamza al Ghamdi also entered the US on a tourist visa in May, but continued to tell his family he was in Chechnya.

Mohand al Shehri, 22, Saudi Arabia

 9/11 terrorists - United Airlines Flight 175
Mohand alShehri
Mohand al-Shehri
Mohand  Shehri

Al Shehri was unrelated to the Al Shehri brothers, despite all three being from the same region.

He like several others in the group travelled to Chechnya to fight the Russians, having failed his studies in Saudi Arabia.

Al Shehri attended a training camp in Afghanistan and was selected by al Qaeda officials to take part in the 9/11 attacks.

American Airlines Flight 77

The third flight to crash had taken off from Washington Dulles International Airport in Virginia.

It was destined for Los Angeles International Airport but hijacked over Ohio before crashing into the Pentagon in Washington DC at 9.37am.

Pilot

Hani Hanjour, 29, Saudi Arabia

 9/11 terrorists  - American Airlines Flight 77,
Hani Hanjour -pilot

Hanjour was the only pilot who already had his commercial licence before being selected by al Qaeda.

He also had very good English having first travelled to the US to study at the University of Arizona in 1991.

Hanjour returned to the US to live in California in 1996 before training to become a pilot in Arizona, finally getting his licence in 1999.

He arrived back in the States for the last time in December 2000, meeting up with fellow attacker Nawaf al Hazmi in San Diego before going back to Arizona for some pilot refresher training.

They moved to Virginia in 2001 and attended the Dar al Hijrah Falls Church where the imam Anwar al Awlaki preached.

Hijackers

Nawaf al Hazmi, 25, Saudi Arabia

 9/11 terrorists  - American Airlines Flight 77
Nawaf al Hazmi
Nawaf alHazmi

Nawaf and Salem al Hazmi were the second pair of brothers who carried out the 9/11 attacks.

He and Khalid al Mihdhar were the first attackers to arrive in the US in preparation for the hijackings.

Nawaf al Hazmi was already on the CIA’s watchlist.

He was earmarked as a potential pilot but underperformed at his flying lessons in San Diego in 2000, with leaders allowing him to stay on as a hijacker.

Al Hazmi resettled in Virginia with pilot Hani Hanjour in April 2001, before carrying out the attacks in September.

Khalid al Mihdhar, 26, Saudi Arabia

 9/11 terrorists  - American Airlines Flight 77
Khalid al Mihdhar,
Khalid alMihdhar,

Al Mihdhar was another attacker already known to the CIA at the time of the attacks.

He had left home to fight with the Bosnian Mujahideen during the Bosnian War of the 1990s.

There he was likely recruited to travel to Afghanistan to train with al Qaeda.

He arrived in the US to train as a pilot, but like al Hazmi, fell short of requirements and was demoted to being a “muscle hijacker”.

At this point he travelled back to see his family in Yemen for a month and had to be convinced to return to Afghanistan for training.

Miihdhar was reported to have complained about life in the US before his death.

Majed Moqed, 24, Saudi Arabia

 9/11 terrorists  - American Airlines Flight 77,
Majed Moqed

Moqed was from a small town called Al-Nakhil, west of Medina, in Saudi Arabia.

He was studying law at university when he was recruited to Afghanistan to train with al Qaeda.

Moqed was friends with Satam al Suqami, who was a hijacker on the first 9/11 flight.

He arrived in the US in May 2001 and helped plan the attacks in the months before they were carried out.

Salem al Hazmi, 20, Saudi Arabia

 9/11 terrorists  - American Airlines Flight 77,
Salemal Hazmi
Salem al-Hazmi

Salem al Hazmi was the younger brother of Nawaf, who was a hijacker on the same flight as him.

His family, from the Al Bahah region, claimed he was a difficult teenager and not particularly religious.

A member of al Qaeda said his brother Nawaf pleaded with Osama bin Laden to let him take part in the attacks.

He arrived in the US on a tourist visa in June 2001 and settled in New Jersey before 11 September.

United Airlines Flight 93

The fourth and final plane involved in the 9/11 attacks had taken off from Newark International Airport in New Jersey bound for San Francisco International Airport.

It was hijacked and headed towards Washington DC, but passengers managed to overcome the attackers and crash land in a field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania.

Pilot

Ziad Jarrah, 26, Lebanon

 9/11 terrorists  - United Airlines Flight 93
Ziad Jarrah pilot

Jarrah was the only hijacker to come from Lebanon.

He grew up in a secular household but moved to Hamburg, Germany in the 1990s where he met two of the other pilots Mohamed Atta and Marwan al Shehhi.

They formed what became known as the Hamburg cell and joined al Qaeda.

He arrived in Florida to train as a pilot in the summer of 2000 but returned to Germany to see his girlfriend after getting his licence.

It was reported that Jarrah changed his mind about the plot while he was away from the US.

Ramzi bin al Shibh, another member of the Hamburg cell, is believed to have convinced him to go through with it.

He had prepared to travel to the US to get his pilots licence but was refused a visa.

Jarrah was identified by his passport, which was found at the crash site.

Hijackers

Saeed al Ghamdi, 21, Saudi Arabia

 9/11 terrorists  - United Airlines Flight 93
Saeed al Ghamdi
Saeed alGhamdi

Al Ghamdi was also from the Al Bahah region of Saudi Arabia.

He shared the same tribal affiliations as Ahmed al Ghamdi, who was on the second plane, and Ahmad al Haznawi, who was on the same plane.

Al Ghamdi, like several others, dropped out of education to fight the Russians in Chechnya and was rediverted to Afghanistan to train with al Qaeda.

He arrived in the US in June 2001, practicing for the attacks in Florida.

The 21-year-old was identified by his passport, which, along with Jarrah’s, was discovered at the crash site.

Ahmad al Haznawi, 20, Saudi Arabia

 9/11 terrorists  - United Airlines Flight 93
Ahmad al Haznawi
Ahmed  al Haznawi

Al Haznawi came from the isolated Al Bahah region of Saudi Arabia.

Like many of his contemporaries he fought in Chechnya, where he was sent to Afghanistan for an al Qaeda training camp.

He arrived in the US in June 2001 and lived in Florida while he prepared for the attacks in September.

Ahmed al Nami, 23, Saudi Arabia

 9/11 terrorists  - United Airlines Flight 93
Ahmed al Nami
Ahmed alNami

Al Nami was born in the impoverished Asir region of Saudi Arabia.

He had trained in announcing the call to prayer and left his family to go on the Hajj pilgrimage in 2000 but never returned.

After being recruited by al Qaeda he went to an Afghan training camp where he met the al Shehri brothers and Saeed al Ghamdi, who was also on his plane.

He arrived in the US in May 2001 on a tourist visa and lived in Florida ahead of the attacks.

Al Qaeda and the Taliban

Osama bin Laden

Osama bin Laden in 1998

Osama bin Laden founded al Qaeda in 1988 after fighting against the Soviets with the Mujahideen in Afghanistan.

He was from a wealthy Saudi family but settled in Afghanistan after the conflict to set up a base for his jihadist group.

The Taliban ruled the country for five years between 1996 and 2001, during which time its leader Mohammed Omar formed ties with bin Laden as he plotted an attack on the US.

Although their ideologies differed, both groups’ beliefs were rooted in extreme Islam and a hatred of the West.

The Taliban were ousted during President George Bush’s War on Terror but are back in power following the US withdrawal in August.

Although bin Laden was killed in an operation by the Obama administration in 2011, and the Taliban has promised not to allow al Qaeda into the country, many of their current ministers are linked to the old regime.

Mohammad Hasan Akhund – acting prime minister

Mullah Mohammad Hasan Akhund in Pakistan in 1999

Mohammad Hasan Akhund is from Kandahar, the birthplace of the Taliban and former home of al Qaeda’s Al Farouq training camp, where several of the attackers prepared for the 9/11 attacks.

He is also an associate of former Taliban leader Mohammed Omar, who had longstanding links with bin Laden before 2001.

Khairullah Khairkhwa – acting culture and information minister

Khairullah Khairkhwah

Khairullah Khairkhwa was captured by the US following the attacks in 2001 and detained at Guantanamo Bay.

He was released in 2014 and is now back in power.

The former governor of Herat province has long been accused of being a close associate of bin Laden and other al Qaeda members, something he denies.

Mohammad Yaqoob – acting defence minister

Mohammad Yaqoob is Mohammed Omar’s son.

His father had developed close ties with bin Laden in the years before 9/11.

Yaqoob’s family connections with the former Taliban give him extremely high rank in today’s organisation.

He is also thought to have had the backing of Saudi Arabia throughout his military career.

Abdul Ghani Baradar – acting deputy prime minister

Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar is said to be the Taliban's political leader

Abdul Ghani Baradar co-founded the Taliban movement.

He is the only surviving group leader to have been personally appointed by Mohammed Omar – bin Laden’s associate-turned rival.

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