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Will a toxic election campaign lead to a far-right future for Italy?



Italians go to the polls on Sunday in an election which could deliver the most far-right government in decades if a coalition led by former premier Silvio Berlusconi triumphs.

His partners include the League party headed by Matteo Salvini standing on a strong anti-immigrant, Eurosceptic platform.

At a rally in the northern Italian city of Padova this week Mr Salvini repeated his mantra of “Italians first” saying he would send illegal immigrants home but he has used much tougher language talking of “cleansing the streets” of Italy.

We put it to him that he is preaching the politics of hate and he told us: “I preach peace. I practise peace. I want a peaceful and quiet co-existence. Opening doors to regular migrants and sending back the too many illegal migrants here. I just want people who bring respect, culture and richness to Italy.”

Matteo Salvini
Matteo Salvini could break away from the Berlusconi alliance

There are plenty in the crowd who share the respect and richness sentiment, telling us that immigrants without jobs should be forced to leave.

One man says: “So many immigrants come here and stay in hotels, in houses and don’t do anything all day and this isn’t good for Italy, it is not good for the Italian people.”

:: Berlusconi is back: The main players in Italy’s election

Another says: “Salvini has good ideas. Good for Italy. There are lots of people without jobs and too many immigrants.” He agrees that immigration is the main reason he will vote for League.

Mr Salvini has clearly tapped into what are widespread worries about the numbers of immigrants and asylum seekers entering Italy, mostly from Africa.

Hundreds of thousands have made it to the country’s shores in recent years and the current government led by Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni has been forced to work with African nations to try and stem the flow. The issue of immigration is an issue for all parties in this election.

An election poster for the Europa party is seen on the side of a bus in Rome
An election poster for the Europa party is seen on the side of a bus in Rome

But it’s the rhetoric that Mr Salvini has used during the campaign which offends many Italians, some of whom have accused him of racism and xenophobia.

The image of the League was not helped when a man associated with the party was arrested after six immigrants were shot in the town of Macerata.

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Many wonder how rhetoric could translate into action were Mr Salvini to get into government, were he even to become Prime Minister (he says if his party wins more votes than Mr Berlusconi’s and their coalition forms a government, he should get the top job).

In a district of Rome with a strong history of ethnic integration we met Italian voters Cristina Grandi and Domenico Artusa.

They have been appalled by what they regard as a toxic election campaign where they believe far-right parties including the League have tried to sow fear and resentment.

Silvio Berlusconi

Italians go to the polls

Ms Grandi told us: “They have pushed the idea that we have an enemy and the enemy is the refugee or the people coming the last year. So, they create every day on the television this idea so the people have a lot of problems.”

Mr Artusa expressed frustration that immigration was such a big issue during the election to the exclusion of other pressing matters.

“There was no room to talk about anything else,” he said, insisting there are other issues facing Italians.

“The problem the people have here are different. Money, work, housing. These are the problems, not migrants.”

But many will draw parallels with the high rate of youth unemployment across Italy and the lack of housing with the high level of migration which might explain why Mr Salvini has managed to extend the League’s support from its power base in the North into other parts of Italy.

Electoral panels for candidates' posters in Rome
Electoral panels for candidates’ posters in Rome

Mr Salvini made the strategic decision to change the name of the party from “Northern League” (the party was founded to pursue regional autonomy for north Italy) to simply “League” to broaden its appeal during the election.

But it’s not just voters worrying. In an immigration centre close to where Mr Salvini held one of his closing rallies we found worried men wondering what is going to happen to them.

People like Francis Dapaa from Ghana who has been in Italy for nine months and is hoping to stay. He, like the men around him, is not immune to the politics playing out around them.

He told us: “What makes me worry is maybe when it comes to that party coming to power they might deport some of us and I don’t know if I may be victim to that. I don’t know. But I am praying that whoever comes to power will have compassion.”

The coalition Mr Salvini is signed up to was predicted to do well in the most recent polls in Italy two weeks ago.

He is further to the right than its leader, but Mr Berlusconi has echoed the promise to deport hundreds of thousands of migrants.

That centre-right coalition may be forced to do a deal with the centre-left if the election result numbers don’t add up and compromise is necessary.

But will Mr Salvini compromise on the very issue that drew supporters to him?

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Gender gap: Ageing societies give more advantages to men than women, researchers say | World News



Men have more advantages than women in ageing populations, an international study has found.

Researchers say the gender differences in societal ageing suggest men have better resources to cope with the challenges of getting older.

Different gender roles within society not only shape women’s and men’s life opportunities but also their experience of ageing, the research suggests.

Worldwide, the number of people aged 65 years and older is expected to more than double in the next 30 years, rising from 703 million in 2019 to 1.5 billion in 2050.

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Age UK on difficulties facing elderly after lockdown

The study, by researchers from the National University of Singapore and Columbia University in America, found men are especially advantaged when it comes to income and wealth.

They are more likely to be financially secure, have paid work and spend fewer years in ill-health than women in later life.

The first of its kind, the research investigated gender differences in the experience of people growing older in 18 countries in the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which includes the likes of the UK and the US.

Women across the countries analysed were shown to have a three year longer average life expectancy than men, but spend more years in poor health.

They are also more likely to live alone at the end of their lives and earn less than men.

A disproportionately greater risk of disability and ill-health in women increased their likelihood of needing long-term care, the study found, as well.

Researchers used the latest data from the OECD and World Bank between 2015 and 2019 for 18 of the 35 OECD countries with sufficient data to develop a gender-specific ageing index.

The new index accounts for five categories that capture social and economic factors affecting the quality of ageing: wellbeing, productivity and engagement, equity, cohesion and security.

Using the system, researchers calculated the overall index and individual category scores that range from 0 to 100 for men and women.

A higher score suggests a successfully ageing society.

Key differences between men and women in ageing societies according to the study:

  • Men have better resources to cope with the challenges of ageing
  • Women have a three year longer average life expectancy than men
  • Men are especially advantaged when it comes to income and wealth
  • Women spend more years in poor health
  • Men are more likely to be financially secure
  • Women have a greater risk of disability and ill-health, which increases their likelihood of needing long-term care
  • Men are more likely to be engaged in paid work
  • Women are more likely to live alone at the end of their lives
  • Women earn less than men

Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Norway, the Netherlands and Japan did well for both genders with an overall index score of 66 or above for men and 55 or above for women.

Countries in much of eastern and southern Europe were at the bottom of the rankings.

The UK achieved an overall index score of 57 for men and 47 for women. It also had the largest difference in wellbeing scores between the two genders, with a score of 74 assigned for men and 61 for women.

America’s overall performance score was 55 for men and 47 for women.

Both the US and the UK performed poorly in the study, indicating growing inequality in the distribution of income and wealth.

Lead author Dr Cynthia Chen, from the National University of Singapore, said: “Ageing societies reinforce the prevailing gender norms in which men continue to be allocated the majority of opportunities, resources, and social support.

“With the world’s population ageing at an unprecedented rate, and the ratio of older women to older men expected to increase, there is an urgent need to challenge the structural and policy biases that favour men.”

The authors have suggested four measures to help address gender bias and inequality in societal ageing including assessing minimum income requirements for healthy living in older people and minimum pensions.

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The mystery of the whisky bottle, the US secretary of state and the department searching for answers | US News



The US State Department is investigating the apparent disappearance of a bottle of whisky worth nearly $6,000 (£4,320).

The Japanese government gave the bottle to Mr Pompeo in June 2019 when the then-secretary of state visited the country.

The department reported the investigation in its annual accounting of gifts given to senior US officials by foreign governments and leaders.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, left, sits down for a meeting with Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Kono, in Osaka, Japan, Friday, June 28, 2019, during the G-20 summit. At right is the secretary's senior adviser Michael McKinley. Jacquelyn Martin/Pool via REUTERS
Mike Pompeo visited Japan as secretary of state in June 2019 and it is believed he was given the bottle then

It noted that it could find no trace of the bottle’s whereabouts and that there was an “ongoing inquiry” seeking an explanation.

A spokesman for Mr Pompeo said he was unaware of the gift and the inquiry into its whereabouts.

It is thought the bottle of whisky was given to Mr Pompeo while he was attending a G20 summit in Japan, along with then-president Donald Trump.

But the state department’s Office of Protocol, which records gifts given to US officials, said that, while every other gift had been recorded, there was no record of the whisky.

If a gift is over a certain value, the recipient can give it to the National Archives or another government entity, or they can keep the gift and reimburse the Treasury Department.

Among the items given to Mr Pompeo during his time as secretary of state were two carpets worth a total of $19,400 (£14,000) from the president of Kazakhstan and the foreign minister of the United Arab Emirates.

Mr Trump and his wife Melania received more than $120,000 (£86,400) worth of presents from foreign leaders in 2019, including an Ottoman Empire rifle worth $8,500 (£6,120) from the Bulgarian prime minister, a bronze sculpture of an Arabian horse from the crown prince of Bahrain worth $7,200 (£5,100), and a statue of an Arabian oryx worth $6,300 (£4,500) from the emir of Qatar.

The Office of Protocol said all of these were given to the National Archives.

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Greece wildfires: Families reflect on devastation as homes are destroyed – ‘if my mother saw this she would cry’ | World News



I spot George Kyriakopolous sitting in his car, the door open to blackened surroundings and smouldering earth.

To his left is his house. To the right, the one owned by his 95-year-old mother and 98-year-old father. His parents’ property is burned beyond repair. His own house is badly damaged.

George is a man in shock. He cannot believe what he is seeing. Twenty four hours earlier he was watching a wildfire at what seemed like a distance. In 10 minutes, he says, the fire was upon them in the village of Varympompi, north of Athens.

George Kyriakopolous lost his home, his parents home and his dog in the fire.
George Kyriakopolous lost his home, his parents’ home and his dog in the fire

He tells me they had to drive through the flames to get out. He is one of the few residents here who have made it back to check on their properties.

George tells me: “If my mother saw this she would cry. She would cry.”

And I think any of us would. Homes that have been lived in and cherished for years were destroyed in minutes. Land cultivated through hard work, now scorched.

The burned-out homes of residents
The burned-out homes left behind

And this scene is repeated in street after street in this village where hundreds were forced to leave as one of the biggest wildfires in Greece this week penetrated Varympompi. Most who live here have not been allowed to return.

Residents have lost their homes and cars in the fires
People have lost their homes and cars in the fires

The area is still regarded as extremely dangerous and most residents can only watch the skies from where planes and helicopters dump vast containers of water on the area and hope things will be okay.

Sadly for many of them that will not be the case. Coming back here will be traumatising. It certainly has been for Rula Mantis who shows us around the charred remains of the fruit vegetable store she runs with her boyfriend. So much of it is destroyed and she wonders how they will ever recover.

Rula Mantis's boyfriend owns the grocers in the village that has been ruined by the fires
Rula Mantis’s boyfriend owns the grocers in the village that has been ruined by the fires

She’s angry the property was allowed to burn but understands fire crews faced impossible pressure.

She tells me: “It’s very hard. It’s a lot of money you have to spend to make this from the beginning. You can’t save anything. As you can see, there’s nothing left.”

The massive flames which lit up the night sky here when the fire reached its peak may have quelled now but the danger for this village isn’t over. Everywhere we drive or walk in Varympompi the ground is smouldering.

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High temperatures have caused the wildfires in Greece – with people being forced to evacuate their homes

Smoke threatens to ignite into fresh flames which on scorched earth could spread again. It is why residents are taking their fire extinguishers and buckets to douse where they can.

But they know they are up against challenging elements. Temperatures are predicted to remain high in Greece in the days to come when all villagers hope for is rain.

They also know they face the pain of seeing neighbours and friends return to a village where there will be so much pain to confront.

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