Connect with us

World

Final version of mega Pacific trade deal dumps rules the US wanted

Published

on

The 11 remaining nations, led by Japan, finalized a revised trade pact in January, called the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). It is expected to be signed in Chile on March 8.

The deal will reduce tariffs in economies that together amount to more than 13 percent of the global GDP — a total of $10 trillion. With the U.S., it would have represented 40 percent.

“The big changes with TPP 11 are the suspension of a whole lot of the provisions of the agreement. They have suspended many of the controversial ones, particularly around pharmaceuticals,” said Kimberlee Weatherall, professor of law at the University of Sydney.

Many of these changes had been inserted into the original TPP 12 at the demand of U.S. negotiators, such as rules ramping up intellectual property protection of pharmaceuticals, which
some governments and activists worried would raise the costs of medicine.

The success of the deal has been touted by officials in Japan and other member countries as an antidote to counter growing U.S. protectionism, and with the hope that Washington would eventually sign back up.

“CPTPP has become more important because of the growing threats to the effective operation of the World Trade Organisation rules,” New Zealand Trade Minister David Parker said on Wednesday.

Last month, Trump told the World Economic Forum in Switzerland that it was possible Washington might return to the pact if it got a better deal.

However, Parker said on Wednesday that the prospect of the U.S. joining in the next couple of years was “very unlikely” and that even if Washington expressed a willingness to join CPTPP,
there was no guarantee that the members would lift all the suspensions.

Parker said the deal would likely come into force at the end of 2018 or the first half of 2019.

Governments were quick to tout the economic benefits of the agreement.

“The TPP-11 will help create new Australian jobs across all sectors — agriculture, manufacturing, mining, services — as it creates new opportunities in a free trade area that spans the Americas and Asia,” said Steven Ciobo, Australia’s minister for trade in an emailed statement.

New Zealand’s government expected the CPTPP to boost the island nation’s economy by between NZ$1.2 billion ($881.40 million) to NZ$4 billion a year, with beef and kiwifruit
exporters among the top beneficiaries of the deal.

The 11 member countries are Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam.

Source link

World

Belarus could be Russia’s ‘weapon’ against NATO: Lithuania president

Published

on

Russia is extending its influence into Belarus and could use it as leverage against NATO countries, Gitanas Nausėda, the president of Lithuania told CNBC in an exclusive interview Monday.

“We see the military buildup of Russian forces in Ukraine, in [the] Kaliningrad region and of course we see what’s happening in Belarus right now. We see that this country is losing its last elements of independence, and could be used in the hands of Russians as a weapon … for foreign aggressive activities towards NATO allies,” the Lithuanian leader said.

Lithuania, a nation in the Baltic region, shares a border with Belarus and has been a member of NATO since 2004. The president has previously described the relationship between Belarus and Russia as another Crimea — in reference to Russia’s annexation of the Crimean Peninsula from Ukraine in 2014.

Belarus was under the international spotlight last month when a civilian airplane traveling from Greece to Latvia was forced to land in Minsk, and two passengers — opponents of the Belarussian regime — were detained.

Speaking to CNBC Monday, Nausėda said “to swallow Belarus” was an “old” idea in Russia.

The Russian authorities were not immediately available for comment when contacted by CNBC. Previously, Moscow has criticized the deployment of NATO troops in Eastern Europe and separately Russia has denied involvement in the landing of the Ryanair flight in Belarus.

Russia-U.S. meeting

Russian President Vladimir Putin met his Belarussian counterpart, Alexander Lukashenko, last month in Sochi in the aftermath of the landing of the Ryanair flight in Minsk.

NATO leaders are meeting in Brussels on Monday for their first face-to-face gathering since U.S. President Joe Biden started his tenure at the White House. At the top of their discussions is the relationship with Moscow, which, according to NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, is at its lowest point since the Cold War.

This gathering is seen as a stepping stone in the runup to a meeting between Biden and Putin later this week in Geneva, Switzerland.

“Putin should understand that any malign activities, any military aggression against the neighbors, against the alliance of NATO should be very costly — and costs will be political, economic,” Nausėda also said Monday.

“If we send this message, we can change a bit this aggressive behavior [that] Russia is showing recently,” he added.

Source link

Continue Reading

World

China Covid cases causing higher shipping costs, delayed goods

Published

on

Shipping containers from China and other Asian countries are unloaded at the Port of Los Angeles as the trade war continues between China and the US, in Long Beach, California on September 14, 2019. –

Mark Ralston | AFP | Getty Images

First, it was a critical shortage of shipping containers due to the pandemic. Then came a massive blockage in the Suez Canal.

Now, businesses and consumers are bracing for yet another shipping crisis, as a virus outbreak in southern China disrupts port services and delays deliveries, driving up costs again.

The Chinese province of Guangdong has faced a sudden uptick in Covid-19 cases. Authorities have moved to shut down districts and businesses to prevent the virus from spreading rapidly.

That’s causing massive shipping delays in major Chinese ports, and jacking up already-high shipping costs as waiting times at berth “skyrocketed,” according to analysts and those in the shipping industry. 

“The disruptions in Shenzhen and Guangzhou are absolutely massive. Alone, they would have an unprecedented supply chain impact,” said Brian Glick, founder and CEO at supply chain integration platform Chain.io, told CNBC.

However, combined with the challenges that the global supply chain has faced since this year, shipping is in “absolutely uncharted waters,” said Glick. 

Guangdong, a major shipping hub, accounts for about 24% of China’s total exports. It is also home to the Shenzhen port and the Guangzhou port — which are the third largest and the fifth largest in the world by container volume, according to the World Shipping Council. 

The first local case of the Delta variant, first detected in India, was found in Guangzhou in May and has since spiked to over 100 cases. Authorities have imposed lockdowns and other measures that constrain the processing capacity at ports.

Global supply chain at risk again

As different parts of the world bounced back from the pandemic late last year, there was a buying boom which led to containers falling critically short. That caused massive delays in the shipping of goods from China to Europe and the U.S. and drove up prices for businesses and consumers. 

Then one of the largest container ships in the world, the Ever Given, got stuck in the Suez Canal and blocked the key trading route for nearly a week. About 12% of global trade passes through the Suez Canal, where more than 50 ships a day on average pass through.

The incident sparked a global shipping crisis and held up $9 billion in international trade a day.

Now, the most recent crisis, in southern China, is disrupting the global supply chain again.

Shipping costs are at all-time highs … We’ve broken through so many price ceilings that nobody can say where this will peak.

Brian Glick

founder and CEO, Chain.io

“I think the risk of supply chain disruption is rising, and export prices/shipping costs will likely rise further. Guangdong province plays a critical role in the global supply chain,” said Zhang Zhiwei, chief economist at Pinpoint Asset Management.

JP Wiggins, vice president of corporate development at shipping software firm 3GTMS, told CNBC the port crisis in China will cause much more disruption for the American consumer as many of the affected shipments are destined for North America. In comparison, the Suez blockage had a greater impact on European trade as a lot of the delayed deliveries were destined for Europe.

Wiggins also said consumer expectations will need to remain in “Covid mode.”

“Expect shortages and out-of -stock of all the Asian-made products,” he explained.

Shipping costs ‘at all-time highs’

Spiking shipping costs have been a direct effect from the crisis. 

“Many small- and mid-sized shippers are throwing up their hands as the cost of shipping is surpassing the margins on the products they’re trying to move,” Glick said. “Shipping costs are at all-time highs with anecdotal quotes coming in at 5 to 10 times historical norms. We’ve broken through so many price ceilings that nobody can say where this will peak.”

Read more about China from CNBC Pro

Wiggins warned that rates are “fluctuating wildly,” and said he’s advising shippers to plan on spending twice as much, since it’s unclear where this is going.

Shippers who cannot afford the delays will increasingly look to convert ocean freight shipments to air freight, which will further increase shipping costs, says Shehrina Kamal, vice president of Intelligence Solutions at Everstream Analytics.

Ripple effect

Waiting times for vessels to berth at the Yantian International Container Terminal in Shenzhen have “skyrocketed” from an average waiting time of 0.5 days to 16 days, according to Kamal.

The backlog will have a compounding effect on other ports.

The problem is already building up at nearby ports as carriers start to divert, Kamal said. The port of Nansha in Guangzhou is experiencing an influx of cargo due to the diversions, and the congestion and vessel delays are expected to last another two weeks — if not more, she said. 

Compounded with the pandemic in India and Southeast Asian economies … this rise of Covid cases in Guangdong may contribute to higher inflationary pressure in other countries.

Zhang Zhiwei

chief economist, Pinpoint Asset Management

The knock-on effects will carry over to even neighboring provinces such as Guangxi, Yunnan, Hunan, Hubei, according to Kamal. 

Inflation fears

Beyond mainland China, the port at the financial center of Hong Kong has also been affected.

Cross border delivery have been possible there via trucking, but authorities recently tightened measures due to the pandemic. That means all cross-border trucks will need to undergo sterilization, among other measures, and that’s likely to delay cargo movement and processing overall, Kamal said. 

Overall, the turnover in the ports in Guangdong will remain slow in June, and even other parts of China would likely become more cautious, said Zhang from Pinpoint Asset Management.

That could lead to higher prices, even as investors fret over rising inflation and what it might mean for interest rates.

“Compounded with the pandemic in India and Southeast Asian economies … raising commodity and shipping costs, this rise of Covid cases in Guangdong may contribute to higher inflationary pressure in other countries,” he cautioned. 

Source link

Continue Reading

World

Asia stocks rise after major Wall Street indexes hit record closing highs overnight

Published

on

SINGAPORE — Shares in Asia-Pacific rose in Tuesday morning trade following overnight gains on Wall Street that sent the S&P 500 and Nasdaq Composite to record closing highs.

The Nikkei 225 in Japan gained 0.43% in early trade while the Topix index advanced 0.31%. South Korea’s Kospi hovered above the flatline.

Australian stocks also rose, with the S&P/ASX 200 up 0.29%.

MSCI’s broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan traded mildly higher.

Looking ahead, minutes from the Reserve Bank of Australia’s June monetary policy meeting are set to be released at 9:30 a.m. HK/SIN.

Overnight on Wall Street, the Nasdaq Composite gained 0.74% to an all-time closing high of 14,174.14. The S&P 500 also cruised to another record close, rising 0.18% to 4,255.15. The Dow Jones Industrial Average lagged, dipping 85.85 points to 34,393.75.

Currencies and oil

The U.S. dollar index, which tracks the greenback against a basket of its peers, was at 90.479 — stronger than levels below 90.3 seen late last week.

The Japanese yen traded at 110.06 per dollar following a recent weakening from below 109.8 against the greenback. The Australian dollar changed hands at $0.771, off levels above $0.774 seen last week.

Oil prices were higher in the morning of Asia trading hours, with international benchmark Brent crude futures up 0.41% to $73.16 per barrel. U.S. crude futures gained 0.4% to $71.16 per barrel.

Here’s a look at what’s on tap:

  • Australia: Minutes from Reserve Bank of Australia’s June monetary policy meeting at 9:30 a.m. HK/SIN

Source link

Continue Reading

Trending