The Dutch Government has linked its decision to activate what it refers to as a “hard Brexit” plan for customs to “divisions within the British Conservative Party” and a “remaining lack of clarity” from Britain that is “impeding negotiations”.
A letter seen by Sky News sent last week from its Finance Ministry sought to explain to Dutch parliamentarians exactly how many extra customs officers would be required to police new trade barriers at Europe’s biggest port in Rotterdam and Dutch airports.
Cabinet minister Menno Snel wrote that 930 would be required in the event of No Deal which is “conceivable” after “difficult” first phase negotiations.
Perhaps as shocking is that 750 customs agents would be required even in the event of a Canada-style free trade deal with a transition period. Fifty have already been paid for.
As the finance ministry calculates it takes between nine and 22 months to train a customs officer, the Dutch Government has green-lighted immediate recruiting, training, tendering of contracts and organising of housing.
Finance minister Snel wrote to Dutch MPs: “The divisions within the British Conservative Party and the remaining lack of clarity about the British input continue to impede the smooth running of the negotiations.
“It is therefore clear that the scenario that the UK leaves the EU on 29 March 2019 without a withdrawal agreement and without a transitional period is still conceivable.
“The red lines of the UK for the future relationship with the EU (leaving the internal market and customs union) mean that the trade relationship can not go much further than a trade agreement like the one the EU has concluded with Canada.”
The Netherlands has traditionally been seen as a key ally of the UK, and stands to be among the most impacted by any radical change to UK-EU trading conditions, as when imports and exports are combined it is the UK’s third largest trade partner.
On Wednesday the PM is hosting Dutch PM Mark Rutte at Downing Street as part of her charm offensive to secure agreement for an implementation phase at the full EU Council next month.
The Brexit “war cabinet” will try to thrash out a common position on future trade arrangements at an away day at Chequers on Thursday.
Dutch politicians, including Pieter Omtzigt, the Parliament’s Brexit rapporteur has said his country is only “preparing for the stated policy of the UK government – the UK outside the customs union”, and that “if we need hundreds of new customs and agricultural inspectors the British are going to need thousands.”
The preparations being made across the North Sea come at a time when the Brexit Secretary will implore Europe to recognise existing levels of trust in UK-EU relations that he argues will enable a more ambitious free trade agreement after Brexit.
David Davis will argue that the European Union can trust the UK not to engage in a “Mad Max dystopian” race to the bottom on standards.
He will declare that leaving the EU will instead create a “race to the top in global standards”.
Speaking in Vienna, Austria, as part of a series of speeches designed as a PR blitz on Brexit, he is set to say the concerns are “borrowed from dystopian fiction”.
He will present the Government’s view as part of a case for a Free Trade Agreement with the EU after Brexit day – saying he is “certain” a good deal can be achieved.
Gender gap: Ageing societies give more advantages to men than women, researchers say | World News
Men have more advantages than women in ageing populations, an international study has found.
Researchers say the gender differences in societal ageing suggest men have better resources to cope with the challenges of getting older.
Different gender roles within society not only shape women’s and men’s life opportunities but also their experience of ageing, the research suggests.
Worldwide, the number of people aged 65 years and older is expected to more than double in the next 30 years, rising from 703 million in 2019 to 1.5 billion in 2050.
The study, by researchers from the National University of Singapore and Columbia University in America, found men are especially advantaged when it comes to income and wealth.
They are more likely to be financially secure, have paid work and spend fewer years in ill-health than women in later life.
The first of its kind, the research investigated gender differences in the experience of people growing older in 18 countries in the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which includes the likes of the UK and the US.
Women across the countries analysed were shown to have a three year longer average life expectancy than men, but spend more years in poor health.
They are also more likely to live alone at the end of their lives and earn less than men.
A disproportionately greater risk of disability and ill-health in women increased their likelihood of needing long-term care, the study found, as well.
Researchers used the latest data from the OECD and World Bank between 2015 and 2019 for 18 of the 35 OECD countries with sufficient data to develop a gender-specific ageing index.
The new index accounts for five categories that capture social and economic factors affecting the quality of ageing: wellbeing, productivity and engagement, equity, cohesion and security.
Using the system, researchers calculated the overall index and individual category scores that range from 0 to 100 for men and women.
A higher score suggests a successfully ageing society.
Key differences between men and women in ageing societies according to the study:
- Men have better resources to cope with the challenges of ageing
- Women have a three year longer average life expectancy than men
- Men are especially advantaged when it comes to income and wealth
- Women spend more years in poor health
- Men are more likely to be financially secure
- Women have a greater risk of disability and ill-health, which increases their likelihood of needing long-term care
- Men are more likely to be engaged in paid work
- Women are more likely to live alone at the end of their lives
- Women earn less than men
Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Norway, the Netherlands and Japan did well for both genders with an overall index score of 66 or above for men and 55 or above for women.
Countries in much of eastern and southern Europe were at the bottom of the rankings.
The UK achieved an overall index score of 57 for men and 47 for women. It also had the largest difference in wellbeing scores between the two genders, with a score of 74 assigned for men and 61 for women.
America’s overall performance score was 55 for men and 47 for women.
Both the US and the UK performed poorly in the study, indicating growing inequality in the distribution of income and wealth.
Lead author Dr Cynthia Chen, from the National University of Singapore, said: “Ageing societies reinforce the prevailing gender norms in which men continue to be allocated the majority of opportunities, resources, and social support.
“With the world’s population ageing at an unprecedented rate, and the ratio of older women to older men expected to increase, there is an urgent need to challenge the structural and policy biases that favour men.”
The authors have suggested four measures to help address gender bias and inequality in societal ageing including assessing minimum income requirements for healthy living in older people and minimum pensions.
The mystery of the whisky bottle, the US secretary of state and the department searching for answers | US News
The US State Department is investigating the apparent disappearance of a bottle of whisky worth nearly $6,000 (£4,320).
The Japanese government gave the bottle to Mr Pompeo in June 2019 when the then-secretary of state visited the country.
The department reported the investigation in its annual accounting of gifts given to senior US officials by foreign governments and leaders.
It noted that it could find no trace of the bottle’s whereabouts and that there was an “ongoing inquiry” seeking an explanation.
A spokesman for Mr Pompeo said he was unaware of the gift and the inquiry into its whereabouts.
It is thought the bottle of whisky was given to Mr Pompeo while he was attending a G20 summit in Japan, along with then-president Donald Trump.
But the state department’s Office of Protocol, which records gifts given to US officials, said that, while every other gift had been recorded, there was no record of the whisky.
If a gift is over a certain value, the recipient can give it to the National Archives or another government entity, or they can keep the gift and reimburse the Treasury Department.
Among the items given to Mr Pompeo during his time as secretary of state were two carpets worth a total of $19,400 (£14,000) from the president of Kazakhstan and the foreign minister of the United Arab Emirates.
Mr Trump and his wife Melania received more than $120,000 (£86,400) worth of presents from foreign leaders in 2019, including an Ottoman Empire rifle worth $8,500 (£6,120) from the Bulgarian prime minister, a bronze sculpture of an Arabian horse from the crown prince of Bahrain worth $7,200 (£5,100), and a statue of an Arabian oryx worth $6,300 (£4,500) from the emir of Qatar.
The Office of Protocol said all of these were given to the National Archives.
Greece wildfires: Families reflect on devastation as homes are destroyed – ‘if my mother saw this she would cry’ | World News
I spot George Kyriakopolous sitting in his car, the door open to blackened surroundings and smouldering earth.
To his left is his house. To the right, the one owned by his 95-year-old mother and 98-year-old father. His parents’ property is burned beyond repair. His own house is badly damaged.
George is a man in shock. He cannot believe what he is seeing. Twenty four hours earlier he was watching a wildfire at what seemed like a distance. In 10 minutes, he says, the fire was upon them in the village of Varympompi, north of Athens.
He tells me they had to drive through the flames to get out. He is one of the few residents here who have made it back to check on their properties.
George tells me: “If my mother saw this she would cry. She would cry.”
And I think any of us would. Homes that have been lived in and cherished for years were destroyed in minutes. Land cultivated through hard work, now scorched.
And this scene is repeated in street after street in this village where hundreds were forced to leave as one of the biggest wildfires in Greece this week penetrated Varympompi. Most who live here have not been allowed to return.
The area is still regarded as extremely dangerous and most residents can only watch the skies from where planes and helicopters dump vast containers of water on the area and hope things will be okay.
Sadly for many of them that will not be the case. Coming back here will be traumatising. It certainly has been for Rula Mantis who shows us around the charred remains of the fruit vegetable store she runs with her boyfriend. So much of it is destroyed and she wonders how they will ever recover.
She’s angry the property was allowed to burn but understands fire crews faced impossible pressure.
She tells me: “It’s very hard. It’s a lot of money you have to spend to make this from the beginning. You can’t save anything. As you can see, there’s nothing left.”
The massive flames which lit up the night sky here when the fire reached its peak may have quelled now but the danger for this village isn’t over. Everywhere we drive or walk in Varympompi the ground is smouldering.
Smoke threatens to ignite into fresh flames which on scorched earth could spread again. It is why residents are taking their fire extinguishers and buckets to douse where they can.
But they know they are up against challenging elements. Temperatures are predicted to remain high in Greece in the days to come when all villagers hope for is rain.
They also know they face the pain of seeing neighbours and friends return to a village where there will be so much pain to confront.
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